Zdenka Fantlova’s The Tin Ring and Vasily Grossman’s The Road – remembering the realities of the Holocaust.

Before attending a performance of the powerful drama, The Tin Ring, brilliantly brought to life by Jane Arnfield in the intimacy of Mr.Speaker’s House at Westminster, I hadn’t known that Zdenka Fantlova would be in the audience.

Zdenka Fantlova with Jane Arnfield

Zdenka Fantlova with Jane Arnfield

It would be impossible not to be profoundly moved by the poignant and harrowing story of this now elderly woman. And where better to be challenged to affirm life over death and love over hate, than in the heart of the British Parliament – a building which also survived Nazi attempts to destroy it, along with the democratic values it represents.

The Tin Ring

The Tin Ring

As The Tin Ring unfolds we learn that, somehow, the remarkable Zdenka defied all the odds, all the horrors of the concentration camps, and somehow survived.

Somehow, she had retained and never been separated from the tin ring which Arno, the boy she loved, had secretly passed to her in the camp.

And, somehow, this troth serves as a repudiation of the visceral hatred and violence represented by Auschwitz, Treblinka, Bergen Belsen and all the other monstrous Nazi extermination centres.

The Tin Ring

The Tin Ring

The Tin Ring takes us into Dante’s Hell but here is someone who has survived and emerged to give the lie to Hitler’s confident belief that he could act with impunity and never be held to account; someone who is able to speak for the countless mothers, sisters, wives, and lovers whose kith and kin were slaughtered; someone able to channel the suffering, pain, and their shocking loss into a defiant testimony.

Zdenka’s story reminds us how great is the power of true humanity; the greatness of the power of love; the triumph of life over the ideology and culture of death. Here is a love story to rebuke the evil hate story of the Shoah.

Arno’s tin ring comes to represent love, hope, truth and life itself.

The narrative reminds an all too easily forgetful world of the savagery of the Holocaust: the indifference, the silence, or collaboration of so many; and the danger of “never again” happening all over again in our own times.

The political and moral consequences of this collective amnesia – let alone the catastrophic human consequences – are appalling.

The Tin Ring uses the powerful medium of drama to address this danger of collective forgetfulness and obscene attempts to rewrite or minimise the history of those times.

But if collective memory is to have any purpose it must surely prompt us to reflect on reports, at home, of anti-Semitism and the scapegoating of minorities.

What, too, does it say to us about contemporary and horrific genocidal events overseas, from Sudan to North Korea, from Syria to Burma. Or do we mimic Neville Chamberlain’s infamous remark, as Hitler invaded Zdenka’s Czechoslovakia, that it was “a far away country about which we know very little.”

After the Holocaust world leaders declared “never again” – and after every subsequent genocide, in Cambodia, Rwanda, Congo, Burma, Kosovo, and the rest, they have said exactly the same thing.

We need to understand gross inhumanity precisely because it has, does, and will happen all over again.

Not long after watching the Tin Ring a friend gave me a copy of Vasily Grossman’s book, The Road.

It’s a collection of essays and short stories. Some were written after he had written first hand reports of the Battle of Stalingrad for the Soviet press. Grossman – from a Russian secular Jewish background – sees the Communist USSR as the only hope in the struggle against Nazism. After Stalingrad he travels West with the Red Army and takes first hand accounts of the  industrial scale inhumanity which characterised Treblinka. My friend rightly says that The Road “should be compulsory reading for those for whom World War Two is ancient history – as a reminder of how lucky we are to be living in era of relative tranquillity.”

The Road is an amazingly powerful account of the sheer depths of evil to which man can sink. The Treblinka narrative is poignant and disturbing and Grossman’s belief in the Red Army and Lenin’s legacy, now entrusted to Stalin, is touched by a naively optimistic view of Communism. The later stories in his collection, affected by Stalin’s Great Terror and Purges, the Gulags, and the suppression of his own writing, leaves Grossman with a more realistic view of Stalin’s Soviet Union: and he was fortunate that Stalin died just before Grossman himself was about to be arrested.

Stalin died just before Grossman's intended arrest

Stalin died just before Grossman’s intended arrest

 

In reading The Road and watching The Tin Ring I was reminded of the remark of Jonathan Sacks, the Chief Rabbi, who said “do not ask where was God at Auschwitz, ask where was man.” That same question is at the heart of Zdenka’s story, and Grossman story.

If we are to find the correct answer t0 Sack’s question “where was man?”  we will need to immerse ourselves in accounts like those contained in The Road and how good it would be if  plays like The Tin Ring were staged more widely and seen in universities, civic halls, churches and popular venues – prompting us to raise our voices and to take action on behalf of today’s Zdenkas and Arnos and challenging those who promote their own versions of twentieth century xenophobia and hatred of minorities.

Building Bridges – Links to Interviews, North Korea Freedom Week, Ooberfuse, and Ann Shin’s “The Defector” shown in the British Parliament – and mark the anniversaries of the Korean War

Tuesday June 25th, 2013 marks the anniversary of the outbreak, in 1950, of the Korean War. On July 27, it will be the sixtieth anniversary of the Korean Armistice Agreement, signed in 1953. Over those three bloody years around three million people were killed – including 1,000 British servicemen, more than in Afghanistan, Iraq and the Falklands combined. …read the rest of this article at the foot of this page…

Ann Shin, who made the movie The Defector, gave a recent talk in the British Parliament and screened the film. The meeting was attended by parliamentarians, human rights activists and several North Korean refugees now living in the UK. Ms.Shin provided links to The Defector along with links to some similar documentaries:

http://www.nytimes.com/video/2013/06/05/opinion/100000002264469/escape-from-north-korea.html?emc=tnt&tntemail0=y

http://vimeo.com/groups/highdefinition/videos/31286845

http://libertyinnorthkorea.org/dannyfromnorthkorea/

The Defector - shown in the British Parliament by Ann Shin - who made the powerful documentary

The Defector – shown in the British Parliament by Ann Shin – who made the powerful documentary

Salvation Army - War Cry Interview on North Korea

Salvation Army – War Cry Interview on North Korea

www.bbc.co.uk/radiomerseyside/programmes/a-z/by/d/current

 

Join the 101,000 people who have watched “Vanish The Night” by Ooberfuse – which pleads from liberty and freedom in North Korea. Members of the band attended the screening of The Defector and their song, which features the voice of Shin Dong Hyok, pleading “do not forget us” was played :

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s44BSXxtDAQ

See also:

https://davidalton.net/2013/05/22/north-korea-freedom-week-new-book-was-launched-at-house-of-lords-on-may-21st-and-published-on-may-24th/

North Korea at a crossroads:

  https://davidalton.net/2013/04/15/north-korea-at-a-crossroads/

 BBC World At One Interview about North Korea

 http://www.bbc.co.uk/iplayer/episode/b01rr7rm/World_at_One_11_04_2013/

 Vatican radio Interview on North Korea

 https://davidalton.net/2013/04/10/interview-on-north-korea-april-10th-2013/

 

 Liverpool Daily Post interview on North Korea by Peter Elson:

http://www.liverpooldailypost.co.uk/liverpool-news/regional-news/2013/05/16/big-interview-my-lord-the-long-journey-of-david-alton-99623-33334818/

——————————————————————————————————
“Building Bridges – is there hope for North Korea?” (Lion)

Article for The Church of England Newspaper

David Alton.

Tuesday June 25th, 2013 marks the anniversary of the outbreak, in 1950, of the Korean War. On July 27, it will be the sixtieth anniversary of the Korean Armistice Agreement, signed in 1953. Over those three bloody years around three million people were killed – including 1,000 British servicemen, more than in Afghanistan, Iraq and the Falklands combined.

At the end of the war, at the 38th Parallel, a militarised wall was erected, dividing the peninsula. The Communist north became an isolated Stalinist State – replete with its own purges, reign of terror, and gulags – and the south a military dictatorship. Years of dangerous aggression and acts of provocation have followed – and while the south has evolved into a vibrant, thriving, democracy the northern dynastic dictatorship is known for its nuclear tests, a missile launch which cost £500 million, a vast standing army, egregious abuses of human rights and mass starvation.

Sixty years after the signing of the Armistice, the north remains formally at war with the south and with the United States. They have even managed to so antagonise their powerful Chinese neighbour that Beijing has taken to casting its Security Council vote with the United States, both censuring Pyongyang and supporting the imposition of further sanctions.

For Britain, the war with North Korea ended in 2001 when we created diplomatic relations and exchanged ambassadors.

In 2003, after a speech I made in the House of Lords highlighting the degrading conditions in the north’s prison camps – where 200,000 people are held and 400,000 people have died in the past 30 years – the North Korean Ambassador in London called me and protested. This led to Baroness (Caroline) Cox and I travelling to North Korea to see the situation first hand, to the subsequent formation of the Parliamentary Group on North Korea, which I chair, and to the publication of several reports which Lady Cox and I have authored.

We have patiently attempted to create dialogue without appeasement; to undertake constructive but critical engagement; and to make human rights abuses a central concern. For the first time in many years the north and south have just held some face to face talks. It’s what we have been calling for.

I have now been to North Korea on four occasions and also to the River Tumen crossing in northern China where many defectors lose their lives, shot as they try to escape from a country where the 1990s famine took the lives of 2 million and where there are reports of malnutrition and even cannibalism.

At Westminster I have chaired regular sessions, taking evidence from escapees. Their accounts are recorded in the book, “Building Bridges – is there hope for North Korea?” – which I have written with Rob Chidley, and which is published by Lion.

“Building Bridges” also tells the story of Korea’s 8,000 Christian martyrs and recounts the courageous role which the churches played in leading the south to democracy. It tells the story of Robert Jermyn Thomas who took bibles to Korea and was executed; how his executioner became a Christian and how, at the place where he died in Pyongyang, there is a new university founded by a South Korean Christian, Dr. James Kim – the story of which is nothing short of miraculous.

It tells the story, too, of another event sixty years ago: the largely forgotten story of a group of Christians seized by the Communists and taken on an epic forced march.

Marched from place to place, they were given starvation rations, and frequently left exposed to the elements.

They included the Catholic Bishop, Patrick Byrne, and 76-year-old Mother Beatrix, the provincial superior of a community of French Carmelite nuns – who both died on the march; the Anglican Bishop, Cecil Cooper – who survived ; the Reverend Charles Hunt; members of the Methodist mission; Herbert Lord, head of the Salvation Army in Korea; and a clutch of South Korean politicians.

When Commissioner Lord protested that many of the group were elderly or infirm “…but they will die if they have to march” the Korean major responded “Then let them march until they die.” And most of them did.

Fr. Philip Crosbie, an Australian priest, one of the few who lived, later wrote:

“And so I came to freedom…. …All this I prize; but I have gained a still greater and more precious freedom. It is the freedom to believe in God and openly profess my faith.”

“Building Bridges” was written to ensure that these stories of great sacrifice and suffering are not forgotten but also to inspire and challenge its readers to get involved and to pray and work for much longed for change in North Korea.

David Alton is an Independent Crossbench Peer; is Professor of Citizenship at Liverpool John Moores University; was a founder of Jubilee Campaign; and is Chairman of the All Party Parliamentary Group on North Korea.

North Korea Freedom Week – Hear Radio Merseyside interview on launch of Building Bridges www.bbc.co.uk/radiomerseyside/programmes/a-z/by/d/current

http://www.bbc.co.uk/radiomerseyside/programmes/a-z/by/d/current Radio Merseyside interview about Building Bridges.

 

David Alton War Cry

DavidAlton.net

Listen to Vanish The Night by Ooberfuse (featuring the voice of Shin Dong Hyok who was born in Camp 14 and witnessed the execution of his mother and brothers):

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=be7WTX_z_E8&feature=share
See also:

https://davidalton.net/2013/04/10/interview-on-north-korea-april-10th-2013/

To order, use your local bookshop or Amazon:

http://www.amazon.co.uk/Building-Bridges-Towards-Peaceful-Future/dp/0745955983/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1367617827&sr=1-1&keywords=Building+Bridges+David+Alton

Op-Ed article for The Catholic Herald April 2013

Last month I was in Burma. In the past I had entered the country illegally but this time I had a visa. This time I was able to meet freely with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, with Government Ministers, and to speak at an open air meeting of the National League for Democracy. This time I was able to meet with members of the country’s ethnic minorities, some still at war with the regime. This time I was able to travel freely and see the first signs of Burma’s Spring.

Eighteen months ago none of this would have been possible…

View original post 1,144 more words

Claire Tomalin’s Roscoe Lecture Celebrating The Bicentenary of Charles Dickens

An audio download of Claire Tomalin’s brilliant lecture can be found at:

http://www.ljmu.ac.uk/roscoe/101110.htm

Claire Tomalin

Claire Tomalin

Dickens Bicentenary – 2012

https://davidalton.net/2012/02/17/dickens-faith-and-fiction/

October 31st 2012

It is especially appropriate that Ms.Tomalin should deliver this Roscoe Lecture on the life of Charles Dickens –not simply because it is the 200th anniversary of Dickens’s birth but also because of Claire Tomalin herself.

The subject of her first book, The Life and Death of Mary Wollstonecraft, was the eighteenth century writer, philosopher and advocate of women’s education and rights, Mary Wollstonecraft who was a good friend and correspondent of William Roscoe.

After Wollstonecraft died of septicemia, in 1797, her memory was perpetuated by poems written by Robert Browning and William Roscoe. One, entitled, “Wollstonecraft and Fuseli” (Henry Fuseli, painter, who visited Roscoe at his home at Allerton Hall) includes these words:
Hard was thy fate in all the scenes of life
As daughter, sister, mother, friend, and wife;
But harder still, thy fate in death we own,
Thus mourn’d by Godwin with a heart of stone

Roscoe’s literary reputation was greatly enhanced when, in 1796, after pursuing detailed research, he published his Life of Lorenzo de’ Medici and Claire owns an original first edition of that work.

Born in London in 1933 to a French father and an English mother, the Liverpool born composer Muriel Herbert. Her mother won a Liverpool scholarship to the Royal College of Music in 1917, which set her on her path as a composer of songs.

Claire read English at Cambridge, graduated from Newnham College in 1954 and is now an Honorary Fellow of the college.

She worked in publishing and journalism, becoming Literary Editor of the New Statesman and later The Sunday Times before devoting herself to writing full time in the late 1980s.

Her first husband, the journalist Nicholas Tomalin, was killed reporting the Yom Kippurwar in 1973.

She has three children and three grandchildren.

She does occasional broadcasting and television, and made a South Bank Show film about Thomas Hardy with Melvyn Bragg. She has also organised exhibitions, one on Mrs Jordan at Kenwood, another on Mary Wollstonecraft and Mary Shelley at the National Portrait Gallery, where she was a Trustee for ten years.

She has honorary doctorates from the following universities: Cambridge, UEA, Birmingham, The Open University, Greenwich, Goldsmiths and Roehampton.

She is married to the playwright and novelist Michael Frayn.

Claire’s connections with Roscoe and Liverpool and further underlined by the venue and the topic for tonight’s lecture.

Dickens was only 19 when Roscoe died in 1831 but he would have been very much aware of Roscoe’s role of as the father of Liverpool culture as he spoke in Liverpool several times, especially for the Mechanics’ Institute – one of whose founders was William Roscoe.

The year before his death, in 1870, Dickens came to Liverpool and was given a gala dinner here in St.George’s Hall, in April 1869.

In a letter which is dated April 4th, 1869, Dickens wrote from the Adelphi Hotel, where he was staying, to Miss Hogarth. He gives a touching account and is delighted by the warmth of the reception given to him by Liverpool people. He writes that “the town is full of festival”…and that “All the Liverpool notabilities are to muster.” He gives a list of others who will speak in his honour and they include Anthony Trollope. But it is the people of Liverpool who really take his fancy:

“One of the pleasantest things I have experienced here this time, is the manner in which I am stopped in the streets by working men, who want to shake hands with me, and tell me they know my books. I never go out but this happens. Down at the docks just now, a cooper with a fearful stutter presented himself in this way. His modesty, combined with a conviction that if he were in earnest I would see it and wouldn’t repel him, made up as true a piece of natural politeness as I ever saw.”

However, Dickens also complains about the length of the civic dinner and about the acoustics at St.George’s Hall (so some things never change!)

As a girl, and at some point during the war, Claire recalls staying at the Adelphi at some point during the war, when her great-aunt Clara Hornby used to live there for half the year. She was the widow of the man who invented Meccano. Claire says: “they were the rich side of the family, my mother’s side was poor but more interesting!”

In his street encounters we can see the raw material upon which Dickens relied for his brilliant novels.

With his extraordinary powers of observation he had the genius to transform everything he observed into both a cracking yarn and a transformative manifesto for social and personal change.

In this bicentenary year of his birth without doubt the best new biography of the life of Charles Dickens life is by Claire Tomalin. It is a deft and magisterial account which gives us new insights into the childhood traumas which shaped Dickens’ character and which he would overcome through his own efforts, passionately believing as Claire Tomalin puts it that “everything was possible to the will that would make it so” – itself a manifesto for modern citizenship and the desire to overcome the difficult things which life throws at us.

Who better and where better, then, to explore the life of one of our greatest English writers?

What Kind of Country?

What Kind of Country

David Alton

David Alton has attracted national attention with his private member’s Bill to halt late abortions.

In What kind of country? he takes a clear, uncompromising look at the state of Britain in Mrs Thatcher’s third term. He examines a country where the economy is based upon individual greed, where the words like compassion and care appear to have been erased from political textbooks, and where unemployment, inner-city decay and cuts in government subsidies are all evidence of a deeper moral and spiritual bankruptcy.

What Kind of Country? challenges the orthodoxies of all political parties, and promotes an alternative which comes from neither Left nor Right. It transcends party politics in advocating a new society of justice, equality and freedom.

He questions the values of a country which is neither Christian nor civilized.

Unfortunately a full copy of this book is not available – however visit the link below for a full copy of many other books by David Alton.

David Alton – Published books

Faith in Britain

Faith in Britain

David Alton

Who can doubt that we are living in an increasingly materialistic society? How are Christians to respond?”

Questioning whether Britain can any longer be called a Christian nation, David Alton issues a timely challenge to Christians across the political spectrum:

what can be done now and in the future to reclaim our Christian heritage?

One of the founders of the Movement for Christian Democracy, he devotes the core of his book to the movement’s foundational principles:

  1. Social justice
  2. Respect for Life
  3. Reconciliation
  4. Empowerment
  5. Active compassion and good Stewardship

At a time of great political and economic change, he argues, Christians need to grasp the new opportunities available, particularly in the light of closer ties with Europe where different examples of Christian democracy are already to be found.

“If not now, when?

If not us, who?”

For a full copy and many more books visit the link below:

Faith in Britain – David Alton


Whose choice Anyway?

Whose Choice Anyway? – The Right to Life
David Alton

AbortionHuman Life

Whose Choice Anyway? asks whether “the right to choose” can take priority over “the right to life”.

Liverpool MP David Alton led a nationwide campaign to end late abortions. On introducing his bill to Parliament, he affirmed that his principle objective was to challenge the attitudes and the climate which has led to 172,000 abortions a year.

Describing abortion as defeatist, he suggests radical alternatives based on more authentic human value.

Whose Choice Anyway? includes some of the 20,000 letters people have written to David Alton. These – and David Alton’s incisive commentary – provide a powerful close – up shot of the deep emotions aroused by the controversial Private Member’s Bill which has been placed before the House of Commons.   
Please visit the link below for the entire book and many others:

Whose choice anyway? – David Alton

Pilgrim Ways

Pilgrim Ways – Catholic Pilgrimage Sites in Britain and Ireland

David Alton

This Guide to the best of the holy places of Catholic Britain and Ireland, is the ideal pilgrim’s companion. David Alton takes us on a personal tour from Celtic sites such as Iona and Lindisfarne to the great houses of recusant families, from holy wells to Marian shrines, and from Croagh Patrick and Knock, to the Tower of London.

As well as covering many well-known pilgrimage sites, he also gives a suggestion for a “walk of witness” from Westminster Cathedral to Tyburn Convent in London, taking in some fascinating churches on the way.

The guide is a blend of history, spiritual inspiration, personal stories and practical information which will enhance any pilgrimage – whether the pilgrim travels alone, with family or perhaps with the parish or diocese.  A list of religious houses with telephone numbers is provided in the recourses category on this website which will help pilgrims find suitable accommodation.

Please visit this link for a free copy of Pilgrim Ways:

Pilgrim Ways

Accommodation Resources

Book Shelf

Some Books Worth Reading….

 

books

 

https://davidalton.net/category/books-to-read/

 

 

 

 

No Greatness Without Goodness by Randy Lewis

 

randy lewis

I would really recommend No Greatness Without Goodness by Randy Lewis. He was Senior Vice President of Logistics at Walgreens in the US and transformed their employment policies resulting in 10% of the workforce being people with disabilities. It’s. Truly inspiring read.  Lewis effectively and bravely demolished the myth that a profitable company which actively recruited disabled people would be placed at a commercial disadvantage, unable to properly serve its customers, and outpaced by its competitors. Randy Lewis’ motto “what’s the use of having power if you don’t use it to do good?” is clearly one which we should all take to heart.

 

randy lewis2

Now that Walgreens has bought the High Street chemist, Boots,  I wonder whether the new, amalgamated, company will be adopting the same demanding criteria as Walgreens U.S.? This would set a U.K. gold standard and inspire others to follow suit.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A Postcard from the Volcano: A Novel of Pre-War Germany Lucy Beckett

 

Lucy Beckett

Lucy Beckett

 

This is a brilliant and beautifully written novel set in pre-war Germany. It charts the rise of Nazism and anti-Semitism through the lives of two young men, Adam and Max, one Polish, the other German. It poignantly examines their search for friendship and meaning in their lives.

 

 

 

Max von Hofmannswaldau is a seriously gifted musician, with Jewish blood, from a Prussian aristocratic family. Having escaped to England in 1961 he is nearing death and the novel which follows is a retrospective reflection of the horrors which engulfed lives and whole societies. Adam is a Pole, also from an aristocratic family who, affected by the civilising influence of his inspirational teacher, moves from cynicism and an acceptance of the nihilism of Nietzsche to belief and a vocation to the priesthood.

Lucy Beckett

 

Within the stories of the characters who populate this powerful novel are the stories of the competing forces of Communism and Nazism, both vying for the soul of Europe. It is a compelling read.

 

 

 

 

 

Voyage to Alpha Centauri  Michael O’Brien

Michael o'brien 1

This has a touch of CS Lewis’s Cosmic Trilogy and R.H.Benson’s 1907 futuristic novel, Lord of the World, about it – and none the worse for that.  

 

 

 

 

Michael O'Brien

Michael O’Brien

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

One of the central characters  in Voyage to Alpha Centauri, travelling into outer space on The Kosmos, is Neil de Hoyos – a Nobel Laureate and brilliant physicist.  As the story unfolds he discovers that the space travellers are exporting some of earth’s worst characteristics. Set eighty years in the future, the drama unfolds as the ship makes for the star closest to our solar system. The story may be in the future but the struggle which takes place is very contemporary.

 

michael obrien3

I have also recently  read this Candian author’s Eclipse of the Sun, a Children of the Last Days novel, which pits a few families against an increasingly totalitarian government, intent on controlling their beliefs and manipulating their lives. Like Voyage  it is thought-provoking, raising many questions about our capacity to be corrupted.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dear and Glorious Physician -Taylor Caldwell –was written in 1961 and is a beautifully crafted historical novel about the life of St.Luke. The young Lucanus faces the pain of bereavement and loss and moves from a belief in an unknown God to a hostility and anger towards a Deity who could allow such pain and suffering.

Taylor Caldwell

 

These are the big themes which Taylor Caldwell explores in her page-turning novel. The novel is grounded in what Scripture and tradition tells us about St.Luke – the doctor to whom Mary told her story of the conception, birth, life , death and resurrection of her Son.

 

 

 

Alderney Story

A visit to the Channel islands led me to read an excellent little booklet The Alderney Story 1939/49 by Michael St.J.Packee and Maurice Dreyfus. It provides first hand accounts of the evacuation and occupation of Alderney during World War Two. A walk up to the site of the Sylt concentration camp – where many of the slave labourers who were brought to the island to build nazi fortifications died – is a sobering reminder of what would have happened in the rest of Britain had Germany successfully invaded. Some of the same thoughts are captured in Island Madness by Tim Binding – a well written novel about the Guernsey occupation

Lager Sylt - where hundreds of slave labourers died

Lager Sylt – where hundreds of slave labourers died

2014- Alderney site of Lager Sylt Concentration Camp

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Susie Younger’s book Never Ending Flower” was published in 1967.

Susie Younger Never Ending Flower

She was a young Scot who read Politics, Philosophy and Economics at the University of Oxford. While she was a student she became a Christian and, in 1960, went to Korea, learnt the language, and decided to work among the poor for the rest of her life. Her book was published in 1967 by Collins and Harvill. It’s an inspiring account – not unlike the stories of Gladys Aylward and Jackie Pullinger, who also found their way to the Orient.

Having arrived in Korea with a young Austrian companion, Maria Heissenberger, they set up a house for young street children, bootblacks whose employers exploited the children and took most of their earnings from them. It was a tiny house and they lived with those they cared for, sleeping on the floors and living of a simple diet of rice, barley and vegetables.

The project was an early recipient of help from OXFAM and CAFOD and it led to a second house being created in Taegu where Susie set up a home for country girls. They had come to the city looking for work and had been ensnared into prostitution. Susie Younger records some profoundly moving stories of girls who rediscover themselves and who find security, love, employment and, often, marriage.

In the later part of the book Susie Younger describes the creation of a 200 acre co-operative farm at Muhak. It was the brain child of a Korean priest, Fr.Lee, and part of its purpose was to create produce and resources to support Susie’s work. This was when she also met Fr.Stephen Kim – who would, in due course become the Bishop of Masan and eventually the Cardinal Archbishop of Seoul. It was he who stood against the military junta and protected the student protestors who had gathered in his Seoul cathedral. It is fascinating to discover him here, in a book written twenty year earlier, giving so much encouragement to a young Scot from Oxford University.

The book takes its title from the national flower of Korea, the Syrian hibiscus – the Biblical Rose of Sharon. Susie Younger says that because it blossoms from spring until late autumn this tenacious plant is known in Korea as “the never ending flower.”

The Rose of Sharon - the Syrian Hibiscus - the national flower of Korea

The Rose of Sharon – the Syrian Hibiscus – the national flower of Korea

Although, at the height of summer, the sun scorches and destroys its blossoms, the following day it is resplendent with new flowers. In the case of Korea – whether struggling in the 1960s from the after effects of the Korean War and military dictatorship or, in the North, from decades of totalitarianism – the resilience and the ability, in adversity, to renew and restore damaged beauty seems very apt.

The book concludes with an appendix in which Susie Younger sets out her personal testimony and her hope to stay among the people she felt called to serve for the rest of her life. The book was published in 1967 and it would be intriguing to know how the story continued.

Susie Younger

Susie Younger

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

books2

 

Alice Hodge’s fast moving and scholarly account of Queen Elizabeth’s forbidden priests and the hatching of the gunpowder plot: “God’s Secret Agents” (Harper Collins) is well worth reading. I defy anyone to read this brilliant account of the courage of young men like Edmund Campion and John Gerard – just 24 years old when he plunged ashore on a Norfolk beach in October 1588 – and not be powerfully moved by the story of how Catholicism survived in England.

 

 

Another thought-provoking book is the Catholic writer, William Dalrymple’s “The Last Mughal – The Fall of a Dynasty, Delhi, 1857” (Bloomsbury Publications).
A few weeks ago I heard Dalrymple speak about the background to the book:

He explained how, “on a May morning in 1857, three hundred mutinous sepoys rode into Delhi, massacred every Christian man, woman and child they could find, and declared Zafar to be their Emperor. Zafar was no friend of the British; yet he was not a natural insurgent either. It was with severe misgivings that he found himself made the nominal leader of an uprising that he suspected from the start was doomed: a chaotic and officer-less army of unpaid peasant soldiers set against the forces of the world’s greatest military power.”

The consequences of that uprising were appalling.

On the 14th September 1857, the British assaulted and took Delhi, sacking the Mughal capital and massacring great swathes of the population.

“The orders went out to shoot every soul,” recorded Edward Vibart, a 19 year old British officer. “It was literally murder … The women were all spared but their screams, on seeing their husbands and sons butchered, were most painful… Heaven knows I feel no pity, but when some old grey bearded man is brought and shot before your very eyes, hard must be that man’s heart I think who can look on with indifference…”

Those city dwellers who survived the killing were driven out into the countryside to fend for themselves. Delhi was left an empty ruin. Though the royal family had surrendered peacefully, most of the Emperor’s sixteen sons were tried and hung, while three were shot in cold blood, having first freely given up their arms, then been told to strip naked.

In understanding the genesis of today’s Muslim disaffection and resentment Dalrymple’s erudite and powerful description of events 150 yeas ago provides plenty of food for thought.

After this, if you want something to cheer you, turn to Gervase Phinn and “Up and Down in the Dales” (Penguin Global).

I chaired a public lecture in Liverpool by Gervase Phinn and this wonderful raconteur conveyed his profound belief in the teaching profession with wonderful anecdotes and shafts of great humour. A former Yorkshire Dales inspector of schools – educations’ answer to James Herriot – this book will leave you craving for more (and there are more). You’ll also be taken Gervase’s warmth and gentle faith.

William Brodrick’s book “The Sixth Lamentation” (Time Warner Paperbacks) is subtle and gripping. An absorbing thriller he writes after the style of John Le Carre and like Le Carre’s “The Constant Gardener” Brodrick deserves to see his writing turned in to a block buster movie.

His sleuth is Brother Anselm – a Gilbertine monk who has foresworn the courts where he was once a barrister for the cloisters. He is caught up in a mystery that takes us back to the Nazi occupation of France, the Holocaust, collaboration, and the endless layers of deceit spawned by totalitarianism. It’s a brilliant thriller.

Adam Hochschild’s “Bury The Chains” (Houghton Mifflin) is an account of the slave trade which cannot be surpassed. 2007 was the bi-centenary of the abolition of the slave trade. If you want to understand how a whole host of players, like Thomas Clarkson, Olaudah Equiano, John Newton and the Christian abolitionist, William Wilberforce, created the alliance which changed these evil laws, this is the book to read.

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“Pope Francis, Our Brother, our Friend” (Ignatius Press, edited by Alejandro Bermudez) is a lovely anthology of personal recollections about Fr.Jorge Bergoglio SJ, the priest who on March 13th , took the world by surprise when he emerged from the Conclave of Cardinals as our new Pope.

Hardly a day has passed since then when we haven’t continued to be surprised and challenged. He’s not only taken the name of St.Francis but seems determined to live by the Assisi mantra: “Use words but only when you have run out of deeds.”

This very accessible collection of insights and anecdotes is drawn from ten of Pope Francis’ Jesuit brothers, from friends, and others who have known him well. They include an Argentine Senator, a Jewish Rabbi, a priest from the slums of Buenos Aires, professors who taught him, as well as some of his own students.
It’s a lovely book which takes you into Pope’s Francis inner life, his devotions, his habits and interests, and the things which motivate him.

From the Jesuits prepare to be held spellbound by the fictional Gilbertine monk, Fr.Anselm, whose latest investigation, his fifth, is beautifully captured in William Brodrick’s masterly “The Discourtesy of Death” (Little Brown, £12-99p).

Brodrick was a monk who turned barrister – Anselm went in the opposite direction. Told by his Prior to do something for the people who “live on the margins of hope” Anselm uses his forensic skills to investigate the death of a celebrated ballet dancer – whose death from bowel cancer may have been accelerated by a relative – and whose motives may have not have been the humane reasons so often cited by the proponents of euthanasia – a theme which will be one of 2014’s legislative challenges.

Broderick knows a thing or two about ethical and moral dilemmas. His mother was a member of the Dutch resistance and helped smuggle Jews out of Amsterdam while his grandfather was a Lutheran pastor who died in a Japanese concentration camp.

His books – like is Gilbertine hero – never fail to rise to the occasion.

 

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