Coronavirus: Ministers challenged about delays in testing drugs; replies about how infections occur and the production of more ventilators.

Lord Bethell, the Department of Health and Social Care, has provided the following answer to your written parliamentary question (HL2677):

Question Lord Alton of Liverpool:
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of reports that one of the people in the Lombardy cluster may have become infected with COVID-19 after contact with a person who tested negative for COVID-19. (HL2677)

Tabled on: 17 March 2020

Answer:
Lord Bethell:

Assessment of the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of SARS-CoV-2 cases suggests that, similar to SARS-CoV, patients will not be infectious until the onset of symptoms. In most cases, individuals are usually considered infectious while they have symptoms. How infectious individuals are depends on the severity of their symptoms and stage of their illness. Further study is required to determine the actual occurrence and impact of asymptomatic transmission.

Date and time of answer: 31 Mar 2020 at 15:27.

==============================

Lord Bethell, the Department of Health and Social Care, has provided the following answer to your written parliamentary question (HL2676):

Question Lord Alton of Liverpool :

To ask Her Majesty’s Government how confident they are that those who have recovered from COVID-19 do not continue to be carriers of the virus; and whether swab tests will be repeated for recovered patients to ensure that such tests remain negative. (HL2676)

Tabled on: 17 March 2020

Answer:
Lord Bethell:

COVID-19 is not known to cause latent infections (becoming dormant in the body after infection and reactivate later on) or to cause persistent infection (continuous infection).

Public Health England is in the process of producing guidance for the conditions of discharge of infected patients from hospitals.

Date and time of answer: 31 Mar 2020 at 15:26.

===========================

Lord Bethell, the Department of Health and Social Care, has provided the following answer to your written parliamentary question (HL2675):

Question Lord Alton of Liverpool :

To ask Her Majesty’s Government what response there has been to the Prime Minister’s request for manufacturers to develop ventilators for the NHS; and how many they expect to be produced. (HL2675)

Tabled on: 17 March 2020

Answer:
Lord Bethell:

Work preparing the National Health Service has been ongoing and we have already nearly doubled ventilator capacity. New and existing suppliers are being asked to build as many as they can. The Prime Minister has issued a call to United Kingdom industry to produce additional ventilators and the Department asked appropriate potential manufacturers on 13 March to come forward with proposals for new ventilation machines. Around a dozen potential prototypes have now been presented to the Department which we are currently pursuing.

Date and time of answer: 31 Mar 2020 at 15:25.

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In response to yesterday’s parliamentary replies this letter has been sent to  Health Minister Lord Bethell and Cabinet Office Minister, Michael Gove MP, March 31st:

https://davidalton.net/2020/03/31/coronavirus-government-replies-about-the-benefits-of-the-use-of-tocilizumab-in-the-treatment-of-severe-cases-of-interstitial-pneumonia-linked-to-covid-19-the-current-availability-of-ventilators-in/

 

Dear James,

 

Many thanks for your reply to my Parliamentary Question (below) about the trial of drugs that might be deployed against Coronavirus. I was also grateful to hear Michael Gove’s reference to the potential of some of these drugs.

 

Arising from this could you please let me know which minister is leading the departmental team assessing progress on the trials? 

 

How often have they met to review trials underway? 

 

Are they geared up to recruit the patients needed for the randomised trials (on the BBC on Sunday the lead investigator at Oxford University on hydracholoroquin says he needs 3000 patients urgently). 

 

Why couldn’t the same professor get tested when he suspected having Covid19 himself? 

 

These scientists are our best hope right now – more than a vaccine. How often is the minister speaking to the WhO led trial teams? 

 

When a drug shows signs of promise, how will the minister decide to shift resources towards it? 

 

Have they been having conversations with drug suppliers about gearing up to get these to the NHS frontline?

 

You rightly blocked export of malaria and HIV drugs weeks ago but the trials into them have only just been commissioned. Why has there been this delay?

 

I am copying in Michael Gove.

 

With kind regards 

 

 

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Xinjiang and the Plight of The Uighurs. UK Government says today “We have serious concerns about the human rights situation in Xinjiang, including extensive and invasive surveillance targeting Uyghurs and other ethnic minorities”

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon, the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, has provided the following answer to your written parliamentary question (HL2672):

Question Lord Alton of Liverpool:

To ask Her Majesty’s Government what representations they have made to the government of China about the reported (1) use of facial recognition technology in Xinjiang to monitor Uighur Muslims resulting in human rights violations, and (2) mistreatment by the Hong Kong police force of pro-democracy protestors in Hong Kong; what assessment they have made of the impact of any development of facial recognition technology on those groups; and what plans they have to re-assess their collaboration with China in regard to the development of such technology. (HL2672)

Tabled on: 17 March 2020

Answer:
Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon:

We have serious concerns about the human rights situation in Xinjiang, including extensive and invasive surveillance targeting Uyghurs and other ethnic minorities An extensive body of open source evidence suggests such surveillance, including the use of facial recognition technology, plays a central role in the restrictive measures imposed in the region. With regard to the police response to protests in Hong Kong, we have been clear that this should be lawful and proportionate. We have consistently called for a robust, independent investigation into recent events. On 9 March, the Foreign Secretary raised his concerns about Xinjiang and Hong Kong with his Chinese counterpart, Foreign Minister and State Councillor Wang Yi.

A research project relating to facial recognition referred to in recent media reports was funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (ESPRC), an arms-length body that forms part of UK Research and Innovation (UKRI). Her Majesty’s Government is not involved in individual UKRI or EPSRC funding decisions. In accordance with principles of academic freedom, it is for universities to decide who they conduct research with, and how, within existing domestic and international legal frameworks.

 

Muslim Uighurs forced To Give DNA Samples in Re-education Centres to which 1 million people have been reportedly sent – February 2019.

See:

https://davidalton.net/2019/02/25/questions-on-the-muslim-uighurs-february-25th-ministers-questioned-in-the-house-of-lords-about-tortured-lawyers-demolished-christian-churches-abducted-pastor-organ-harvesting-and-incarceration-of/

New Cultural Revolution In China?

Coronavirus – Government Replies about the benefits of the use of Tocilizumab in the treatment of severe cases of interstitial pneumonia linked to COVID-19; the current availability of ventilators in NHS intensive care units, and production capacity to supply further ventilators; the threat to food supplies; the sale of Nigerian bushmeat to China; and the World Health Organisation’s foolish political decision, following Communist China’s orders, to ban Taiwan from membership.

Government Replies about the benefits of the use of Tocilizumab in the treatment of severe cases of interstitial pneumonia linked to COVID-19; the current availability of ventilators in NHS intensive care units, and production capacity to supply further ventilators

Tocilizumab

Lord Bethell, the Department of Health and Social Care, has provided the following answer to your written parliamentary question (HL2601):

Question Lord Alton of Liverpool:


To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of the benefits of the use of Tocilizumab in the treatment of severe cases of interstitial pneumonia linked to COVID-19 in China and Italy; and what plans they have to make that drug available on the NHS. (HL2601)

Tabled on: 16 March 2020

Answer:
Lord Bethell:

The Department is considering carefully all available evidence around the potential of different medicines for use in treating COVID-19. Clinical trials are being developed to assess the benefits of a number of different medicines in treating COVID-19. Further medicines may be trialled should evidence indicate to the Department that this would be an appropriate course of action. The Department, the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency, Public Health England and the National Health Service are working together to ensure that trials can begin as soon as possible. The first trial in the United Kingdom for hospitalised patients should begin later this week.

Date and time of answer: 31 Mar 2020 at 11:12.

==============================================

ventilators

Lord Bethell, the Department of Health and Social Care, has provided the following answer to your written parliamentary question (HL2600):

Question Lord Alton of Liverpool:

To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of the (1) current availability of ventilators in NHS intensive care units, and (2) production capacity, to supply further ventilators in line with the planned increase in their use. (HL2600)

 

Tabled on: 16 March 2020

Answer:
Lord Bethell:

The National Health Service has world-renowned critical care facilities which includes access to around 5,000 adult and 900 paediatric critical care ventilators, with further ventilators available outside of critical care facilities.

Work preparing the NHS has been ongoing and we have already nearly doubled ventilator capacity. New and existing suppliers are being asked to build as many as they can. The Prime Minister has issued a call to United Kingdom industry to produce additional ventilators and the Department asked appropriate potential manufacturers on 13 March to come forward with proposals for new ventilation machines. Around a dozen potential prototypes have now been presented to the Department which we are currently pursuing.

Date and time of answer: 31 Mar 2020 at 11:12.

=========================================

food crisis,jpg

Why doesn’t Britain value its farmers? If food stocks and supply chains run low then perhaps we will learn again the importance of food security and the importance of farming, agriculture and horticulture….Read this telling article:

https://unherd.com/2020/03/why-doesnt-britain-value-its-farmers/

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Bushmeat Markets In Nigeria: Letter sent to UK Government Ministers March 30th 

Re wildlife and bushmeat markets in Nigeria and the sale of bushmeat to China –

 

I write regarding the trade in pangolins and other bushmeat in markets throughout Nigeria.

 

At the beginning of February, Chinese scientists identified pangolins as a likely source of the coronavirus, and the government of China closed down the wildlife markets where pangolins were sold.

 

Nigeria is one of the leading sources of China’s pangolins, and throughout Nigeria the sale of pangolins and other bushmeat continues. This represents a major threat to public health.

 

Unfortunately, Nigeria has lax enforcement of its laws regarding bushmeat.

 

It seems futile for the UK to be sending aid to Nigeria – £900,000 each day –  if the country’s own public health authorities are doing so little to stop the spread of the coronavirus.

 

I would  urge you to please press the Nigerian Government to close down wildlife and bushmeat markets and to vigorously enforce its public health laws against the trade in wildlife and bushmeat.

 

Your officials will find the relevant information here:

https://qz.com/africa/1823783/coronavirus-nigeria-not-stopping-pangolin-trade-trafficking/

 

===============================================

Taiwan’s Foreign Ministry has called on the World Health Organisation to facilitate Taiwan’s full participation and contribution to the WHO.  It is shameful that for political reasons, and to appease Communist China, the WHO denies 23 million people access to the institution charged  with global oversight of health issues. This blatantly disregards the WHO’s own Charter and, as the Coronavirus pandemic has illustrated, this is not a moment to pursue ideology rather than humanitarian ideals.

https://www.mofa.gov.tw/en/News_Content.aspx?n=1EADDCFD4C6EC567&s=506FD04141AAC6DD

=================================================

 

Recent Written questions and answers in Parliament by David Alton

.

Written questions and answers by David Alton (Lord Alton of Liverpool) 

Written questions allow Members of Parliament to ask government ministers for information on the work, policy and activities of government departments.

Historical written answers can be found in Hansard.

To see the full question and answer click here: 

Portrait 2019
https://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-questions-answers/?

page=1&max=20&questiontype=AllQuestions&house=commons%2Clords&member=738

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 16 March 2020

Foreign and Commonwealth Office
North Korea: Crimes against Humanity
HL2603

To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of the statement by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights on 10 March that the government of North Korea may be responsible for crimes against humanity; and what plans they have to refer that government to the International Criminal Court.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 27 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 25 March 2020
Department of Health and Social Care
Compulsorily Detained Psychiatric Patients
HL2907
To ask Her Majesty’s Government whether those who were detained under section 3 of the Mental Health Act 1983 but have since been released will continue to be legally entitled to the provision of after-care by social services under section 117 of that Act, following the enactment of the Coronavirus Act 2020.

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 25 March 2020
Department for International Development
Nigeria: Overseas Aid
HL2908
To ask Her Majesty’s Government how they have distributed funding from the £300 million North East Nigeria Transition to Development Programme since April 2017; how they intend to distribute funding from now until that programme’s end in 2022; who (1) have been, and (2) will be, the beneficiaries of that funding; how qualifying communities are chosen; and how they intend to evaluate (a) the use, and (b) the results, of that funding.

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 09 March 2020
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
Asbestos
HL2312
To ask Her Majesty’s Government whether they intend to (1) maintain the total prohibition on the use of asbestos, and (2) rule out any instance of permitting products containing up to one per cent of asbestos as per regulations in the United States, after December 2020.
A
Answered by: Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park
Answered on: 24 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 10 March 2020
Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport
National Security: China
HL2408
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made in relation to their decision to award contracts to Huawei and other companies of the implications of the government of China’s National Intelligence Law requiring Chinese organisations and citizens to support, assist and cooperate with the state intelligence work.
A
Answered by: Baroness Barran
Answered on: 24 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 24 March 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Haiti: British Nationals Abroad
HL2854
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what representations they have received about British humanitarian aid workers arranging evacuation from Haiti due to the COVID-19 pandemic; how many British nationals are currently unable to return from Haiti; what assessment they have made of the personal safety of such workers: and what discussions they have had with the government of Haiti about opening airspace and borders to charter flights for evacuation.

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 24 March 2020
Department of Health and Social Care
Dementia
HL2855
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what plans they have to publish guidance for local authorities on (1) treatment, (2) care, and (3) funding for people with dementia, during the COVID-19 pandemic; when any such guidance will be published; and what assessment they have made of the number of patients with dementia in care homes without staff who have had dementia training.

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 25 February 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Pakistan: Ahmadiyya
HL1836
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what representations they have made to the government of Pakistan about the reported occupation of an Ahmadiyya place of worship in District Kusur, Punjab, by anti-Ahmadi extremists, denying Ahmadi Muslims the right to worship.
A
Corrected answer by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Corrected on: 23 March 2020
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 09 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 09 March 2020
Home Office
China: Uighurs
HL2311
To ask Her Majesty’s Government, further to reports that Uighur detainees in Xinjiang are being used as forced labour, what assessment they have made of Huawei’s compliance with the Modern Slavery Act 2015; what consideration they have given to such compliance in regard to their decision to award contracts to Huawei; how they (1) assess, and (2) investigate, such reports; and what sanctions they can utilise in such cases.
A
Answered by: Baroness Williams of Trafford
Answered on: 23 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 10 March 2020
Department of Health and Social Care
In Vitro Fertilisation
HL2405
To ask Her Majesty’s Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Bethell on 5 March (HL1700), what were the mitochondrial DNA mutations in each of the 17 applications considered by the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority that have now been approved; and on what dates each application was (1) made, and (2) approved.
A
Answered by: Lord Bethell
Answered on: 23 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 12 March 2020
Department of Health and Social Care
In Vitro Fertilisation
HL2532
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what estimate they have made of the average number of embryos used to save a life using mitochondrial replacement techniques; and how many such embryos they estimate are subsequently transferred to a woman.
A
Answered by: Lord Bethell
Answered on: 23 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 17 March 2020
Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government
Sleeping Rough: Coronavirus
HL2673
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what special provision they will make for the care of rough sleepers as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.
A
Answered by: Baroness Bloomfield of Hinton Waldrist
Answered on: 23 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 23 March 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
China: Press Freedom
HL2790
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of reports that the government of China has revoked the press credentials of journalists from the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, and Washington Post; and whether such revocation constitutes a breach of the 1984 Sino–British Joint Declaration.

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 23 March 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Hong Kong: Freedom of Expression
HL2791
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what representations they have made to the government of China about the preservation of freedom of speech in Hong Kong following the withdrawal of press credentials from journalists from the Wall Street Journal, Washington Post and New York Times.

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 23 March 2020
Department of Health and Social Care
In Vitro Fertilisation
HL2792
To ask Her Majesty’s Government, further to the Written Answers by Baroness Blackwood of North Oxford on 20 January (HL277) and Lord Bethell on 5 March (HL1701) and 18 March (HL2406), what outcomes the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority consider to be adverse following mitochondrial donation treatment; whether such outcomes include (1) implantation failure, (2) spontaneous miscarriage, and (3) the termination of a pregnancy following the detection of unanticipated abnormalities; and what assessment they have made of the reason for the lack of live births pursuant to the application of such treatments.

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 23 March 2020
Home Office
China: Uighurs
HL2793
To ask Her Majesty’s Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon on 18 March (HL2309), what action they will take against any company that has published an annual statement as required under section 54 of the Modern Slavery Act 2015 but has been accused of profiting from Uyghur slave labour.

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 23 March 2020
Department of Health and Social Care
Coronavirus: Hydroxychloroquine
HL2794
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of reports about the success of using hydroxychloroquine to treat COVID-19, following a study carried out by Professor Raoult, director of the Institut Hospitalo-Universitaire de Marseille.

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 23 March 2020
Department of Health and Social Care
Coronavirus: Drugs
HL2795
To ask Her Majesty’s Government, following their decision to ban the parallel export of drugs used to treat malaria and HIV, whether UK stocks of such medicines are being trialled for use on patients with COVID-19; and if so, what (1) clinical evidence has been gathered, and (2) conclusions have been reached, about the efficacy of such treatment.

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 10 March 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
China: Coronavirus
HL2407
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of the reported arrest and disappearance of (1) Fang Bin, (2) Chen Qiushi, and (3) Li Zehua, who had been live-streaming updates from Wuhan on the COVID-19 outbreak.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 20 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 04 March 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
China: Prisoners
HL2198
To ask Her Majesty’s Government, further to the answer by Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon on 2 March (HL Deb, col 390), what steps they are taking to ensure that companies registered in the UK are not contributing to forced organ harvesting in China.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 18 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 09 March 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Saleem Masih
HL2308
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what representations they have made to the government of Pakistan about reports that Saleem Masih was tortured and killed after being accused of polluting a tube well he had bathed in due to his Christianity on 22 February.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 18 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 09 March 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
China: Uighurs
HL2309
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of reports that the government of China transferred Uighurs from detention centres to work in factories where products are produced for global brands; and what plans they have to take action against such companies under the provisions of the Modern Slavery Act 2015.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 18 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 09 March 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Hong Kong: Demonstrations
HL2310
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of the briefing by Amnesty International Missing truth, missing justice, published on 5 March, which calls for an independent investigation into police violence during the Hong Kong protests and states that such an investigation “is essential to preventing unrest from reigniting in the city and rebuilding public trust”.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 18 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 10 March 2020
Department of Health and Social Care
In Vitro Fertilisation
HL2406
To ask Her Majesty’s Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Bethell on 5 March (HL1701), why they stated that the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority (HFEA) has no role in the follow-up of patients pursuant to mitochondrial donation treatment if it provides contact details on its website for further discussion of this; what recommendations the Scientific review of the safety and efficacy of methods to avoid mitochondrial disease through assisted conception: 2016 update, published in November 2016, made in regard to rigorous long-term follow-up of children born as a result of such techniques; and what assessment they have made of the statement on the HFEA website that those engaging in follow-up to such treatment will be “helping many people affected by mitochondrial disease, now and in the future”.
A
Answered by: Lord Bethell
Answered on: 18 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 03 March 2020
Department of Health and Social Care
Coronavirus
HL2134
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what steps they are taking (1) to purchase or manufacture, and (2) to distribute sufficient, (a) clinical respiratory face masks, (b) goggles, and (c) protective clothing for health workers dealing with a potential COVID-19 epidemic in the UK; and what training NHS and emergency service workers will receive in using such equipment.
A
Answered by: Lord Bethell
Answered on: 17 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 03 March 2020
Department of Health and Social Care
Coronavirus
HL2135
To ask Her Majesty’s Government whether they expect 20 per cent of those infected with COVID-19 in the UK to require hospital treatment, as was the case in Wuhan.
A
Answered by: Lord Bethell
Answered on: 17 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 10 March 2020
Department of Health and Social Care
In Vitro Fertilisation
HL2409
To ask Her Majesty’s Government, further to the Written Answers by Lord O’Shaughnessy on 24 October 2017 (HL1882) and by Baroness Blackwood of North Oxford on both 9 January 2020 (HL275) and 11 February 2020 (HL1237), why the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority (HFEA) does not hold information on which methods of freezing are used; from which data the HFEA came to the conclusion that there has been no effective difference between vitrification and slow freezing methods over the last five years; and what assessment they have made of the importance of any (1) clinical, and (2) other, follow up for informing prospective patients.
A
Answered by: Lord Bethell
Answered on: 17 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 17 March 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
China: Biometrics
HL2672
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what representations they have made to the government of China about the reported (1) use of facial recognition technology in Xinjian to monitor Uighur Muslims resulting in human rights violations, and (2) mistreatment by the Hong Kong police force of pro-democracy protestors in Hong Kong; what assessment they have made of the impact of any development of facial recognition technology on those groups; and what plans they have to re-assess their collaboration with China in regard to the development of such technology.

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 17 March 2020
Department of Health and Social Care
Coronavirus: Intensive Care
HL2674
To ask Her Majesty’s Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Bethell on 16 March (HL2026), whether they will now answer the question put, namely, whether the current provision of specialised ventilation care will be capable of meeting the needs of those affected by an epidemic.

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 17 March 2020
Department of Health and Social Care
Intensive Care: Medical Equipment
HL2675
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what response there has been to the Prime Minister’s request for manufacturers to develop ventilators for the NHS; and how many they expect to be produced.

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 17 March 2020
Department of Health and Social Care
Coronavirus: Disease Control
HL2676
To ask Her Majesty’s Government how confident they are that those who have recovered from COVID-19 do not continue to be carriers of the virus; and whether swab tests will be repeated for recovered patients to ensure that such tests remain negative.

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 17 March 2020
Department of Health and Social Care
Coronavirus: Italy
HL2677
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of reports that one of the people in the Lombardy cluster may have become infected with COVID-19 after contact with a person who tested negative for COVID-19.

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 02 March 2020
Department of Health and Social Care
Coronavirus: Health Services
HL2026
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what steps they are taking to establish centres for specialised ventilation care for people in stage 3 of COVID-19; and what assessment they have made of whether current provision would be capable of meeting the needs of those affected by an epidemic.
A
Answered by: Lord Bethell
Answered on: 16 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 02 March 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Cameroon: Armed Conflict
HL2027
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of the (1) letter to the Prime Minister from the President of the African Bar Association, Hannibal Uwaifo, of 10 January regarding the Anglophone Cameroon crisis, and (2) implications for peace and stability in the Cameroon of the departure of Jack Andrew Pendelton, the UN OCHA representative.
A
Answered by: Baroness Sugg
Answered on: 16 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 02 March 2020
Department of Health and Social Care
Coronavirus: China
HL2028
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of the (1) report by the World Health Organization Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) Situation Report, published on 1 March, in particular the mortality rate from COVID-19 in Hubei province, and (2) the remarks by Brendan Wren, Professor of Vaccinology at the London School of Tropical Medicine that the difference in the mortality rate in Hubei province compared to other areas is a due to a higher viral load, or because the original source of COVID-19 in Wuhan may still be actively transmitting.
A
Answered by: Lord Bethell
Answered on: 16 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 02 March 2020
Home Office
Right of Abode: British National (Overseas)
HL2031
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of the letter from Lord Goldsmith to the Home Secretary on 14 February which stated that the 1984 Sino-British Joint Declaration does not prevent the extension of full right of abode in the UK to those in Hong Kong who own a British National (Overseas) passport; and what response they intend to make to the reported request in that letter that “false statements” about the nature of his advice in relation to the rights of British National (Overseas) passports should be “retracted and not repeated”.
A
Corrected answer by: Baroness Williams of Trafford
Corrected on: 16 March 2020
A
Answered by: Baroness Williams of Trafford
Answered on: 16 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 16 March 2020
Department of Health and Social Care
Coronavirus
HL2599
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what plans they have to review internal advice on personal protective equipment given to NHS doctors; and what steps they are taking to ensure that medical staff swabbing patients for COVID-19 have filtering facepiece 3 respirators.

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 16 March 2020
Department of Health and Social Care
Intensive Care: Medical Equipment
HL2600
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of the (1) current availability of ventilators in NHS intensive care units, and (2) production capacity, to supply further ventilators in line with the planned increase in their use.

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 16 March 2020
Department of Health and Social Care
Coronavirus: Pneumonia
HL2601
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of the benefits of the use of Tocilizumab in the treatment of severe cases of interstitial pneumonia linked to COVID-19 in China and Italy; and what plans they have to make that drug available on the NHS.

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Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 16 March 2020
Department of Health and Social Care
Coronavirus: Pneumonia
HL2602
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what discussions they have had with (1) the National Cancer Institute Pascale Foundation, and (2) the Colli Hospital, in Italy about the results those institutions saw from using Tocilizumab to treat patients with severe pneumonia linked to COVID-19.

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 16 March 2020
Department of Health and Social Care
Coronavirus: China
HL2604
To ask Her Majesty’s Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Bethell on 10 March (HL1839), what assessment they have made of the report by the Begin-Sadat Centre for Strategic Studies China and Viruses: The Case of Dr. Xiangguo Qiu, published on 29 January.

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 04 March 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Sanctions
HL2197
To ask Her Majesty’s Government, further to the answer by Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon on 2 March (HL Deb, col 389), whether the planned secondary legislation under the Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act 2018 will be applied to individuals linked to crimes against humanity; and whether the definition of a perpetrator will vary based on country or nationality.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 12 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 03 March 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Hong Kong: Politics and Government
HL2133
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of the arrest of (1) Hong Kong media entrepreneur Jimmy Lai, (2) the vice-chairman of the Hong Kong Labour Party, Lee Cheuk-yan, and (3) the former chairman of the Hong Kong Democratic Party, Yeung Sum, by the Hong Kong Police; what representations they have made to the governments of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the People’s Republic of China about those arrests; and what assessment they have made of the effect of those arrests on the “one country, two systems” principle, and the protection of freedoms guaranteed for the people of Hong Kong under the 1984 Sino-British Joint Declaration and the Basic Law.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 11 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 25 February 2020
Department for Transport
Ribble Valley Railway Line
HL1838
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what plans they have to restore passenger services on the Hellifield railway line from Clitheroe.
A
Answered by: Baroness Vere of Norbiton
Answered on: 10 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 25 February 2020
Department of Health and Social Care
Coronavirus: China
HL1839
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of the (1) number, and (2) location, of microbiology laboratories in China that handle advanced viruses such as the Wuhan coronavirus; and what assessment they have made of the role any such laboratories may have had in the initial spread of the Wuhan coronavirus.
A
Answered by: Lord Bethell
Answered on: 10 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 02 March 2020
Department for International Development
Development Aid
HL2030
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of the report by The World Bank Group Capture of Foreign Aid: Evidence from Offshore Bank Accounts, published in February, in particular its finding that disbursements of aid to 22 of the most aid-dependent countries coincided with significant increases in the value of bank deposits in tax havens.
A
Answered by: Baroness Sugg
Answered on: 10 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 04 March 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
China: Prisoners
HL2199
To ask Her Majesty’s Government, further to the answer by Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon on 2 March (HL Deb, col 390), whether they will place in the Library of the House all reports and correspondence they have received from the World Health Organisation, especially those relating to the transparency of the government of China’s organ transplant system.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 10 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 25 February 2020
Department for International Development
UK-Africa Investment Summit
HL1835
To ask Her Majesty’s Government, further to the Written Answer by Baroness Sugg on 18 February (HL1300), which consultancies were used to help deliver the UK–Africa Investment Summit 2020; and how much those consultancies were paid.
A
Answered by: Baroness Sugg
Answered on: 09 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 25 February 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Hong Kong: Rule of Law
HL1837
To ask Her Majesty’s Government, further to the remarks by Justice Kemal Bokhary, that a “storm” has broken out “in full force” over the rule of law in Hong Kong, what assessment they have made of the (1) state of, and (2) threat to, the (a) rule of law, and (b) independence of the judiciary, in Hong Kong.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 09 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 25 February 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Hong Kong: Human Rights
HL1840
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of the report by Stand with Hong Kong and the International Affairs Delegation Profiles of Hong Kong Repression: Perpetrators of human rights and democracy abuse, published on 20 December 2019; and what plans they have to use the information contained in that report to aid the (1) development, and (2) implementation, of a Magnitsky-style sanctions regime to tackle human rights abuses.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 09 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 02 March 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Gui Minhai
HL2029
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what representations they have made to the government of China about the case of Gui Minhai who has been sentenced to 10 years in prison in China for “illegally providing intelligence overseas”.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 09 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 24 February 2020
Department of Health and Social Care
In Vitro Fertilisation
HL1700
To ask Her Majesty’s Government, further to the Written Answer by the Parliamentary Under-Secretary at the Department of Health and Social Care on 15 April 2019 (241389), what explanation the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority provided for why no more than five patients at risk of producing a child with mitochondrial pathologies had undergone treatment by 20 January 2020, given 14 applications had been approved; and for the application that was not approved (1) what were the reasons for that refusal, and (2) what was the subsequent fate of that application.
A
Answered by: Lord Bethell
Answered on: 05 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 24 February 2020
Department of Health and Social Care
In Vitro Fertilisation
HL1701
To ask Her Majesty’s Government, further to the Written Answer by Baroness Blackwood of North Oxford on 20 January (HL277), how many spontaneous miscarriages have been recorded pursuant to clinical application in the UK of (1) pronuclear transfer, and (2) spindle-chromosomal complex transfer; and what role the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority has played in (a) the follow-up of patients, and (b) the review of such licensed activity.
A
Answered by: Lord Bethell
Answered on: 05 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 24 February 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Sudan: International Criminal Court
HL1702
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of reports that Omar al-Bashir, and others in Sudan against whom warrants have been issued by the International Criminal Court, will be handed over to stand trial; who else they expect will be subject to prosecution; and when they anticipate that those cases will be brought to trial.
A
Answered by: Baroness Sugg
Answered on: 05 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 24 February 2020
Department of Health and Social Care
Disability: Human Rights
HL1703
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of the report to the United Nations Human Rights Council by the special rapporteur on the rights of persons with disabilities, published on 17 December 2019; and what steps they intend to take in response to that report.
A
Answered by: Lord Bethell
Answered on: 05 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 24 February 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Islamic State: Prosecutions
HL1699
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of reports that the authorities in Kurdistan lack sufficient resources to detain, investigate and prosecute suspected Daesh fighters; what assistance they will offer to address those issues; and what steps they will take to establish an international or regional tribunal to prosecute Daesh fighters.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 04 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 24 February 2020
Home Office
British National (Overseas): Passports
HL1704
To ask Her Majesty’s Government how many applications have been received for British National (Overseas) passports in each of the last three years, broken down by month.
A
Answered by: Baroness Williams of Trafford
Answered on: 04 March 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 11 February 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Democratic Republic of Congo: Mining
HL1511
To ask Her Majesty’s Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon on 22 January (HL665), whether they will now answer the question put, namely, what assessment they have made of reports that the families of children working in cobalt mines in the Democratic Republic of the Congo are seeking compensation for forced labour, unjust enrichment, negligent supervision, intentional infliction of emotional distress, wages promised but not paid, and the loss of assets, educational and business opportunities.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 25 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 11 February 2020
Department for International Development
Darfur: Armed Conflict
HL1513
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of reports from the UN High Commissioner for Refugees that (1) fighting in Sudan’s West Darfur State has displaced an estimated 46,000 people inside that country and caused more than 14,000 to flee into Chad since December, (2) the majority of those displaced are women and young children, (3) villages and homes have been burnt, and (4) a further 30,000 are estimated to be displaced in the coming weeks; and what action they are taking to bring to justice those who are responsible.
A
Answered by: Baroness Sugg
Answered on: 25 February 2020

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Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 11 February 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Iraq: Religious Freedom
HL1514
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what representations they have made to the government of Iraq about Article 26(2) of the National Identity Card Law which prescribes that children born to one Muslim parent must be registered as Muslim; and what assessment they have made of the impact of that policy on children born following rape perpetrated by Daesh fighters against those belonging to religious minorities.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 25 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 10 February 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Africa: Trade Agreements
HL1459
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what steps they are taking to encourage countries in Africa to sign up to the African Continental Free Trade Area.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 24 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 10 February 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Arms Trade: Exports
HL1460
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of the proposals in the report by John Deverell for Oxfam A Process for Arms Exports: Fulfilling Criterion 2C of the Consolidated EU and National Arms Export Licencing Criteria, published on 6 February.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 24 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 10 February 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Islamic State: Genocide
HL1461
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of reports that children born out of rape of the victims of Daesh genocide are being left in orphanages; what assistance they offer to such children; and what steps they are taking to combat any stigma or discrimination such children face.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 24 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 10 February 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
BBC Persian Service
HL1462
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of (1) the harassment of BBC Persian staff in London, and (2) reports that such staff’s families in Iran have been (a) called in for questioning, (b) had their passports confiscated, and (c) threatened with consequences if their relatives continue to work for the BBC; and what representations they have made to the government of Iran about the treatment of journalists.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 24 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 11 February 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Democratic Republic of Congo: Mining
HL1510
To ask Her Majesty’s Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon on 22 January (HL664), whether they will now answer the question put, namely, what assessment they have made of reports of children working in cobalt mines in the Democratic Republic of the Congo; what measures they are taking to assess the dangers to children working in such mines; and what action they plan to take to help eliminate child labour and promote safe working conditions in those mines.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 24 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 11 February 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Democratic Republic of Congo: Mining
HL1512
To ask Her Majesty’s Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon on 22 January (HL666), whether they will now answer the question put, namely, what plans they have to impose sanctions and use UK aid to help combat child labour in cobalt mines in the Democratic Republic of the Congo; and whether they plan to require UK companies sourcing cobalt to establish an independent verification system that would ensure that their supply chains are free from exploitation, unsafe working conditions, slavery and child labour.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 24 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 11 February 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
North Korea: Oil
HL1515
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of reports that the government of China shipped more than 10,000 tons of oil to North Korea in the last four months of 2019; and whether they intend to highlight those reports at the next UN Security Council meeting.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 24 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 10 February 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Shaadi.com
HL1457
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of whether Shaadi.com, when facilitating relationships and marriages, promotes (1) the caste system, and (2) discrimination against Dalits.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 21 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 10 February 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Armed Conflict: Sexual Offences
HL1458
To ask Her Majesty’s Government, further to the answer by Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon on 29 January (HL Deb, col 1446), when the postponed Time for Justice: Putting Survivors First conference will take place; and how they intend to prioritise their commitment to support the victims and survivors of sexual violence in conflict in their policies.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 21 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 04 February 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Africa: Foreign Relations
HL1302
To ask Her Majesty’s Government whether they publish, and make available, the document detailing a strategy for Africa approved by the National Security Council in 2018.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 19 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 04 February 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Africa: Embassies
HL1303
To ask Her Majesty’s Government (1) what are the total number of FCO and DfID staff employed in UK embassies and High Commissions in Africa; (2) which countries have no UK permanent ambassador or High Commissioner; and (3) whether there are plans to establish permanent missions in any such countries.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 19 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 03 February 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Sudan: Politics and Government
HL1236
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of (1) freedom of religion or belief in Sudan, and (2) security sector reform, since the appointment of Abdalla Hamdok as Prime Minister; and what representations they have made to the government of Sudan about reports that Sudanese nationals have been detained for political reasons when returning to that country.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 18 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 04 February 2020
Department for International Development
UK-Africa Investment Summit
HL1300
To ask Her Majesty’s Government whether any consultancies were used to help deliver the UK–Africa Investment Summit 2020; and if so, why.
A
Answered by: Baroness Sugg
Answered on: 18 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 05 February 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Africa: Overseas Aid
HL1343
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what consideration is given to national debt levels, and resourcing of such debt, when developing UK aid and foreign policy for African countries.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 18 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 04 February 2020
Department for International Development
Refugees: Religious Freedom
HL1299
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of (1) attacks on Christian Rohingya refugee families by other refugees in Bangladesh, in particular reports of such attacks in the Kutupalong Refugee Camp on 27 January; and (2) what steps they are taking to ensure the safety of refugees around the world who are from religious minority groups.
A
Answered by: Baroness Sugg
Answered on: 14 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 04 February 2020
Department for International Development
European Development Fund
HL1301
To ask Her Majesty’s Government how much UK aid has been spent via the European Development Fund (EDF) in Africa in each of the past ten years; how much will be spent via the EDF in the next financial year; whether the spending priorities for the EDF will be reassessed; who will determine any such future priorities; and on what basis.
A
Answered by: Baroness Sugg
Answered on: 14 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 05 February 2020
Department for International Development
Democratic Republic of Congo: Overseas Aid
HL1342
To ask Her Majesty’s Government how much UK aid has been provided to the Democratic Republic of the Congo in each of the past 10 years; how many Department for International Development employees work exclusively on the Democratic Republic of the Congo; what that aid has been used for; and what assessment they have made of the effect such aid has had on preventing corruption and building a rules-based society.
A
Answered by: Baroness Sugg
Answered on: 14 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 03 February 2020
Department of Health and Social Care
Coronavirus
HL1238
To ask Her Majesty’s Government how many people who have flown to the UK from Wuhan, China, since the outbreak of the coronavirus was announced have been contacted; how many of those have been tested for coronavirus; what steps they are taking to (1) identify, and (2) locate, those yet to be tested; and what assessment they have made of the statement by the Chief Medical Officer for England on 24 January that there is a “fair chance” that the UK will see cases of that virus.
A
Answered by: Baroness Blackwood of North Oxford
Answered on: 12 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 03 February 2020
Department of Health and Social Care
Coronavirus
HL1239
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of Imperial College London’s estimate that 3,301 passengers have left Wuhan airport every day going to 20 international destinations over the last two months.
A
Answered by: Baroness Blackwood of North Oxford

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Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 28 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Leah Sharibu
HL833
To ask Her Majesty’s Government, following the abduction of Leah Sharibu, what assessment they have made of reports of her enslavement, forced conversion and pregnancy; what actions they have taken to secure her release; and what response they received from the government of Nigeria when they raised her situation with them.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 11 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 30 January 2020
Department of Health and Social Care
Embryos
HL1173
To ask Her Majesty’s Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Prior of Brampton on 22 November 2016 (HL3075), how many human embryos were deliberately destroyed in each of the last 12 months for which figures are available; how many human embryos were transferred to uteri in order to establish pregnancies; and what are the cumulative figures for both circumstances since such procedures were made legal.
A
Answered by: Baroness Blackwood of North Oxford
Answered on: 11 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 03 February 2020
Department of Health and Social Care
In Vitro Fertilisation
HL1237
To ask Her Majesty’s Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord O’Shaughnessy on 24 October 2017 (HL1882), whether the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority now holds information on methods of freezing; if not, why not; and if so, how many human embryos were (1) transferred to uteri to establish pregnancies, (2) destroyed, and (3) allocated for destruction but have not yet been destroyed, following (a) vitrification, and (b) slow freezing methods, in each of the last five years for which figures are available.
A
Answered by: Baroness Blackwood of North Oxford
Answered on: 11 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 04 February 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bangladesh: Refugees
HL1304
To ask Her Majesty’s Government whether they will make representations to the government of Bangladesh and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees to ensure the safety of non-Muslim refugees in the refugee camps in Bangladesh, and in particular, the Kutupalong Camp.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 11 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 28 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Hong Kong: Embassies
HL830
To ask Her Majesty’s Government, following reports of the arrest of a 15 year old girl outside the British consulate in Hong Kong, what plans they have to publish the legal advice which informed the Foreign and Commonwealth Office’s conclusion that the arrest occurred on land which has no special status under the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 10 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 27 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Hong Kong: Politics and Government
HL779
To ask Her Majesty’s Government, further to their Six-monthly Report on Hong Kong: January to June 2017, published on 14 September 2017, whether their position remains that “the best way to secure the long-term future of ‘One Country, Two Systems’ is through a transition to universal suffrage which meets the aspirations of the people of Hong Kong, within the parameters of Basic Law.”
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 10 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 27 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Hong Kong: Embassies
HL781
To ask Her Majesty’s Government, following reports of the arrest of a 15 year old girl outside the British consulate in Hong Kong, what steps they have taken to ensure that she was not subjected to ill-treatment at the hands of the Hong Kong Police Force.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 10 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 27 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Madagascar: Mining
HL778
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of recent reports of child labour in mica mines in Madagascar; and what steps they are taking to end such practices.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 05 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 29 January 2020
Department of Health and Social Care
Coronavirus
HL889
To ask Her Majesty’s Government how many people have entered the UK from Wuhan during the last month; how those people are being tracked; how universities have been involved in assisting students returning from affected areas; whether British citizens now being quarantined on return from affected areas are being treated differently to those who had returned to the UK during the preceding month; and whether they have asked the World Health Organisation to declare the spread of the coronavirus as a global health emergency.
A
Answered by: Baroness Blackwood of North Oxford
Answered on: 05 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 22 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Democratic Republic of Congo: Mining
HL664
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of reports of children working in cobalt mines in the Democratic Republic of the Congo; what measures they are taking to assess the dangers to children working in such mines; and what action they plan to take to help eliminate child labour and promote safe working conditions in those mines.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 05 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 22 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Democratic Republic of Congo: Mining
HL665
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of reports that the families of children working in cobalt mines in the Democratic Republic of the Congo are seeking compensation for forced labour, unjust enrichment, negligent supervision, intentional infliction of emotional distress, wages promised but not paid, and the loss of assets, educational and business opportunities.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 05 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 22 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Democratic Republic of Congo: Mining
HL666
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what plans they have to impose sanctions and use UK aid to help combat child labour in cobalt mines in the Democratic Republic of the Congo; and whether they plan to require UK companies sourcing cobalt to establish an independent verification system that would ensure that their supply chains are free from exploitation, unsafe working conditions, slavery and child labour.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 05 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 27 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Rwanda: Children
HL777
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of reports by Human Rights Watch of homeless children subjected to violence and other abuse in a transit centre in Kigali; what discussions they have had with the government of Rwanda about its obligations under the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child; and what discussions they have had about these reports with the governments of other Commonwealth countries in advance of the forthcoming Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting in Rwanda.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 05 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 27 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Nigeria: Violence
HL780
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of reports of (1) executions of Christians in Plateau State in Nigeria; and (2) targeted killings and kidnappings by Boko Haram and Fulani extremists; whether they discussed these issues with President Muhammadu Buhari at the UK–Africa Investment Summit; and what response they received.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 05 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 28 January 2020
Department for International Development
Nigeria: Development Aid
HL831
To ask Her Majesty’s Government how much development aid has been given to Nigeria in each of the last ten years.
A
Answered by: Baroness Sugg
Answered on: 04 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 28 January 2020
Department for International Development
Nigeria: Development Aid
HL832
To ask Her Majesty’s Government how much of the UK’s development aid to Nigeria is used to (1) promote community cohesion, (2) protect those at risk of attack by jihadists, and (3) bring to justice those responsible for any atrocities and crimes against humanity.
A
Answered by: Baroness Sugg
Answered on: 04 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 20 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Sudan: Religious Freedom
HL534
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of reports of the burning down of three churches in Bout, in Sudan’s Blue Nile State; and what representations they have made to the government of Sudan about upholding and safeguarding the rights of minorities to follow their chosen beliefs, as enshrined in Article 18 of the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 04 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 22 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Human Rights
HL668
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of the killing of 321 human rights defenders in 2018; and what plans they have to undertake a strategic review of how human rights defenders can be given more (1) support, and (2) protection.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 04 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 27 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Syria: Armed Conflict
HL776
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of (1) reports by Doctors Under Fire that more than 100 women and children have been killed in Russian and Syrian airstrikes in Idlib since 18 January; and (2) Doctors Under Fire’s call for the imposition of a no-fly zone to deter helicopters using barrel bombs.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 04 February 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 22 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
HL667
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what representations they have made to the government of Nigeria about the (1) killing of Lawan Andimi by Boko Haram, and (2) bringing to justice those responsible for his death.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 29 January 2020

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Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 13 January 2020
Home Office
Refugees: Children
HL279
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of the report by Amnesty International, The Refugee Council and Save the Children Without my Family, published on 10 January, which calls for changes to Government policy on family separation of child refugees in the UK.
A
Answered by: Baroness Williams of Trafford
Answered on: 27 January 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 13 January 2020
Department of Health and Social Care
NHS: Negligence
HL280
To ask Her Majesty’s Government how much the NHS has paid out, in total, for clinical negligence claims in each of the last ten years for which figures are available; what were the five main reasons for such claims; and what strategy the NHS has for reducing the number of such claims.
A
Answered by: Lord Bethell
Answered on: 27 January 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 13 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Syria: Humanitarian Aid
HL282
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of the impact of the (1) expiry of UN authorisation for cross-border humanitarian access to areas of Syria outside government control, and (2) rejection of two draft resolutions to renew that authorisation under Resolution 2449, on displaced refugees in Syria.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 27 January 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 13 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Aho Bilicen
HL283
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what representations they have made to the government of Turkey about the reported arrest of Father Aho Bilicen a Syriac-Orthodox monk, at Mor Yakoub church in Turkey on 9 January.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 27 January 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 15 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Hevrin Khalaf
HL439
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what action they have take to establish the identity of, and to bring to justice, the killers of Hevrin Khalaf in North East Syria; and what assessment they have made of the allegations in the BBC documentary Hevrin Khalaf: Death of a peacemaker, broadcast on 13 January, that her execution was carried out by Turkish-backed jihadis.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 27 January 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 13 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Iraq: Islamic State
HL278
To ask Her Majesty’s Government when they intend to respond to statements by victims of Daesh genocide provided by Lord Alton of Liverpool; what assessment they have made of such statements; and what assessment they have made of the adequacy of the process in Iraq for witness statements from such victims for the purposes of criminal trials.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 24 January 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 09 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Iraq: Genocide
HL245
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of the risk of genocide against minorities in Northern Iraq and Kurdistan; and whether NATO military personnel will continue to remain in areas administered by the Kurdish Regional Government.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 23 January 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 08 January 2020
Home Office
British Nationality: Children
HL195
To ask Her Majesty’s Government, further to the Written Answer by Baroness Williams of Trafford on 7 January (HL2), when they expect to complete their considerations of the implications of the High Court ruling of 19 December; and how they will (1) consult on, and (2) publicise, next steps which they intend to take.
A
Answered by: Baroness Williams of Trafford
Answered on: 22 January 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 09 January 2020
Department for Transport
TransPennine Express: Standards
HL246
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of reports that Transpennine Express have cancelled up to 40 per cent of trains on some routes; what are the reasons for those reported cancellations; how long they estimate any cancellations to last; what discussions they have had with Transpennine Express about the cancellations; and what was the outcome of any such discussions.
A
Answered by: Baroness Vere of Norbiton
Answered on: 22 January 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 13 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Democratic Republic of Congo: Ethnic Groups
HL281
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of the report by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights DRC: inter-ethnic violence in Ituri, published on 10 January; and what steps they are taking to avert any such violence.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 22 January 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 14 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Pakistan: Religious Freedom
HL373
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of (1) reports that Jagjit Kaye was kidnapped and forced to convert from Sikhism to Islam, and (2) the Pakistan Centre for Social Justice’s findings that there have been 160 cases of forced conversion since 2013 in Pakistan; and what representations they intend to make to the government of Pakistan about such conversions.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 22 January 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 14 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
India: Nationality
HL374
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of the impact of India’s Citizenship (Amendment) Act 2019 on the (1) persecution, and (2) displacement, of the six minority religious groups that were not given the eligibility to apply for citizenship in India under that Act.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 22 January 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 14 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
India: Nationality
HL375
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what discussions they have had with the government of India about the (1) impact of the Citizenship (Amendment) Act 2019 on religious minorities in India, (2) amendment or repeal of that Act, and (3) obligations under Article 18 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights to protect freedom of religion or belief.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 22 January 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 07 January 2020
Department for Transport
High Speed 2 Railway Line: Costs
HL96
To ask Her Majesty’s Government how they respond to the assessment of Lord Berkeley, former deputy chairman of the Oakervee Review into HS2, that (1) Parliament has been misled about the cost of HS2, (2) it could cost more than £100 billion, and (3) the costs are “out of control”.
A
Answered by: Baroness Vere of Norbiton
Answered on: 20 January 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 08 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Iraq: Islamic State
HL199
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of (1) the prosecution of Daesh fighters by the Iraqi courts, and (2) the state of due process in Iraq.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 20 January 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 20 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
HL535
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of reports that dozens of Syrian Islamist mercenaries loyal to Turkey have recently travelled to Libya and Algeria, and that some have then successfully entered Europe.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 29 January 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 09 January 2020
Department of Health and Social Care
Pregnancy Tests
HL244
To ask Her Majesty’s Government whether they will respond to the freedom of information request, made by Marie Lyon, Chair of the Association for Children Damaged by Hormone Pregnancy Tests on 13 November 2019, seeking access to data held by the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency before 27 February 2020; and if not, why not.
A
Answered by: Baroness Blackwood of North Oxford
Answered on: 16 January 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 07 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Eritrea: Refugees
HL97
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what recent assessment they have made of the risk to Eritrean refugees of being forcibly returned to Eritrea by the government of Sudan contrary to the principle of non-refoulement.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 15 January 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 08 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Hong Kong: Demonstrations
HL194
To ask Her Majesty’s Government, following the arrest of medics treating protestors injured in the recent demonstrations in Hong Kong, what assessment they have made of the implications for international (1) humanitarian norms, and (2) human rights law, of any such detentions.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 15 January 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 08 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Persecution of Christians across the Globe Independent Review
HL196
To ask Her Majesty’s Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon on 7 January (HL6) about implementation of the Truro Review that “some of the recommendations will take longer to implement and many will require an ongoing effort to embed into the working practices of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office and other departments”, which recommendations they have in mind; and how long they expect the implementation of those to take.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon

Select all
Expand all answers
Print selected

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 08 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Wang Yi
HL197
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of the nine-year prison sentence given in China to Pastor Wang Yi of the Early Rain Covenant Church, the removal of his political rights for three years, and the confiscation of his personal assets.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 15 January 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 08 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Wang Yi
HL198
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made as to whether the trial of Pastor Wang Yi met standards of impartiality for a fair trial; whether they intend to raise his case with the government of China; and what assessment they have made of the suppression of the open practice of religious beliefs.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 15 January 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 19 December 2019
Home Office
British Nationality: Children
HL1
To ask Her Majesty’s Government when they intend to remove the fee charged by the Home Office to register children as British citizens; and whether they intend to refund those who paid such fees before the High Court ruling on 19 December.
A
Answered by: Baroness Williams of Trafford
Answered on: 07 January 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 19 December 2019
Home Office
British Nationality: Children
HL2
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of the ruling of the High Court on 19 December in the case brought by the Project for the Registration of Children as British Citizens that there is a “mass of evidence” that the fee charged to children registering for British citizenship prevents many such children from registering British citizenship, leaving them feeling “alienated, excluded, ‘second-best’, insecure and not fully assimilated into the culture and social fabric of the UK.”
A
Answered by: Baroness Williams of Trafford
Answered on: 07 January 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 19 December 2019
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Hong Kong: Health Professions
HL3
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of the description of the arrests of medical personnel during a confrontation at Hong Kong’s Polytechnic University on 17 November, by Dr Darren Mann, and his call for an international inquiry into breaches of international humanitarian norms and human rights law.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 07 January 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 19 December 2019
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Hong Kong: Health Professions
HL4
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of the treatment of medical professionals in Hong Kong; and what representations they intend to make to the government of China about such treatment.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 07 January 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 19 December 2019
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Iraq: Islamic State
HL5
To ask Her Majesty’s Government when they intend to respond to statements by victims of ISIS genocide in Mosul and Sinjar provided by Lord Alton of Liverpool; whether any victims of such crimes have been approached for witness statements; and what progress is being made in collecting evidence and bringing those responsible for genocide and crimes against humanity to justice.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 07 January 2020

Q
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
Asked on: 19 December 2019
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Persecution of Christians across the Globe Independent Review
HL6
To ask Her Majesty’s Government how, and when, they intend to fully implement all of the recommendations in the Bishop of Truro’s Independent Review for the Foreign Secretary of FCO Support for Persecuted Christians, published in July.
A
Answered by: Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Answered on: 07 January 2020

Telephone Meeting With Mr. Julian Reilly, United Kingdom Special Envoy for the Horn of Africa and the Red Sea. Take action to help the 18,000 Hitsats refugees threatened by removal and by exposure to Coronavirus.

 

Julian Reilly1

During a Telephone Meeting this morning with Mr. Julian Reilly, United Kingdom Special Envoy for the Horn of Africa and the Red Sea – also attended by telephone link by the Earl of Sandwich and Harriet Baldwin MP –  I raised the plight of 18,000 Eritrean refugees in Ethiopia who are being removed from the refugee camp at Hitsats.

Their displacement is not only in breach of World Health Organisation guidelines about the danger of spreading Coronavirus it also compromises Ethiopia’s duties towards vulnerable refugees. 

You can help by sending and sharing the open letter, organised by Eritrea Focus,  to the Ethiopian Government (see the link below).

During the meeting, Mr.Reilly discussed the challenge posed by Coronavirus to the region, the importance of ending conflict and promoting sustainable development, the damage to crops from locusts, planned elections, the role of other countries within the Region, the challenges posed by dam construction, and the  reconciliation initiatives between Eritrea and Ethiopia and within South Sudan.  

Ethiopia: Open Letter On Closing Refugee Camps For 18,000 Eritreans

 

18,000 Eritrean refugees imminently at risk because the Ethiopian Government has ceased to apply, as of right, refugee status to Eritreans. The Hitsats refugee camp, holding 18,000 Eritrean refugees, is to be closed and refugees relocated to a camp that has no infrastructure and is already overcrowded.

 

Exposure to Coronavirus

 

We are sharing this open letter to the President of Ethiopia

urging the Ethiopian Government to reconsider its plans for this relocation of Hitsats refugees since we believe that such a move will be contrary to the WHO guidelines and efforts to contain the spread of the Coronavirus virus and will expose both refugees and host populations to unnecessary risk of contagion.

 

We encourage you to share this letter as widely as possible, distribute it via your networks and encourage institutions, MPs, and leaders to take this matter up and help us advocate to protect the refugees.

 

 

click on this link for the letter:

 

Open Letter to the Ethiopian Government

 

Please share and act!

 

For more information and news see here

 

 

Thank you.  https://eritrea-focus.org/ 

 

.

 

Coronavirus: Questions and Letters to Ministers since February – availability of drugs to treat symptoms; lack of ventilators and protective clothing for NHS medics; the need for more rapid testing; the plight of vulnerable groups including rough sleepers; Imperial College warning of unrestricted travel; China’s arrest of critical commentators and doctors; origin of the virus in Wuhan; China’s influence on the World Health Organisation;Emergency Powers should be subject to earlier review.

.

Lord Alton of Liverpool to ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of reports about the success of using hydroxychloroquine to treat COVID-19, following a study carried out by Professor Raoult, director of the Institut Hospitalo-Universitaire de Marseille.

Tabled March 24th

Lord Alton of Liverpool to ask Her Majesty’s Government, following their decision to ban the parallel export of drugs used to treat malaria and HIV, whether UK stocks of such medicines are being trialled for use on patients with COVID-19; and if so, what (1) clinical evidence has been gathered, and (2) conclusions have been reached, about the efficacy of such treatment.

Tabled March 24th

=========================
Baroness Bloomfield of Hinton Waldrist, the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government, has provided the following answer to your written parliamentary question (HL2673):

Question:
Lord Alton of Liverpool To ask Her Majesty’s Government what special provision they will make for the care of rough sleepers as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. (HL2673)

Tabled on: 17 March 2020

Answer:
Baroness Bloomfield of Hinton Waldrist:

The Government recognises the challenges faced by those who are homeless or sleeping rough during the Covid-19 outbreak. We are working closely with local authorities and the sector to minimise the risk for vulnerable people and those currently unable to self-isolate.

As an initial first step we have announced £3.2 million in emergency funding for local authorities to help rough sleepers and those at risk of sleeping rough to self-isolate. This funding will assist local authorities with providing accommodation and support to vulnerable people who are at risk of, or who have been diagnosed with, Covid-19

This is part of a £1.6 billion fund allocated to local authorities to help them respond to coronavirus (Covid-19) pressures across all the services they deliver. This includes increasing support for the adult social care workforce and for services helping the most vulnerable, including homeless people.

Public Health England have also published guidance for those working in hostel and day centre environments.

======================

Date and time of answer: 23 Mar 2020 at 16:32.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon, the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, has provided the following answer to your written parliamentary question (HL2407):

Question:
Lord Alton of Liverpool To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of the reported arrest and disappearance of (1) Fang Bin, (2) Chen Qiushi, and (3) Li Zehua, who had been live-streaming updates from Wuhan on the COVID-19 outbreak. (HL2407)

Tabled on: 10 March 2020

Answer:
Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon:

These reports are concerning and we are following the situation closely. We have publicly raised our concerns about the lack of due process and judicial transparency in China, including in the most recent Foreign and Commonwealth Office Human Rights and Democracy report.

===================

Date and time of answer: 20 Mar 2020 at 14:47.
Subject: Written answer to your QWA HL1839 received from Lord Bethell, the Department of Health and Social Care

 

Lord Bethell, the Department of Health and Social Care, has provided the following answer to your written parliamentary question (HL1839):

Question:
Lord Alton of Liverpool To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of the (1) number, and (2) location, of microbiology laboratories in China that handle advanced viruses such as the Wuhan coronavirus; and what assessment they have made of the role any such laboratories may have had in the initial spread of the Wuhan coronavirus. (HL1839)

Tabled on: 25 February 2020

Answer:
Lord Bethell:

We do not hold this information.

Date and time of answer: 10 Mar 2020 at 14:57.

==========

Baroness Blackwood of North Oxford, the Department of Health and Social Care, has provided the following answer to your written parliamentary question (HL1239):

Question:
Lord Alton of Liverpool To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of Imperial College London’s estimate that 3,301 passengers have left Wuhan airport every day going to 20 international destinations over the last two months. (HL1239)

Tabled on: 03 February 2020

This question was grouped with the following question(s) for answer:

  1. Lord Alton of Liverpool To ask Her Majesty’s Government how many people who have flown to the UK from Wuhan, China, since the outbreak of the coronavirus was announced have been contacted; how many of those have been tested for coronavirus; what steps they are taking to (1) identify, and (2) locate, those yet to be tested; and what assessment they have made of the statement by the Chief Medical Officer for England on 24 January that there is a “fair chance” that the UK will see cases of that virus. (HL1238)
    Tabled on: 03 February 2020

Answer:
Baroness Blackwood of North Oxford:

On direct flights from Wuhan into the United Kingdom, 1,466 passengers and 95 staff arrived between 10 and 24 January. Of these, 162 of the passengers have already left the UK, 53 of the crew have already left the UK and all of the remaining passengers (1,304) are now outside of the incubation period.

As of 5 February, a total of 468 UK tests have concluded, of which 466 were confirmed negative and two positive. Information is published daily online on the Coronavirus: latest information and advice page on the Government website.

Posters and leaflets with health advice has been made available in all UK international airports, Eurostar terminals and Dover. As of 5 February, the two patients who tested positive are receiving specialist National Health Service care and we are using tried and tested infection control procedures to prevent further spread of the virus.

The NHS is extremely well-prepared and used to managing infections and we are already working rapidly to identify any contacts the patients had, to prevent further spread. We are continuing to work closely with the World Health Organization and the international community as the outbreak in China develops to ensure we are ready for all eventualities.

Date and time of answer: 12 Feb 2020 at 17:23.

===============

Oral Interventions:

Hong Kong: Covid-19 – Motion to Take Note (19 Mar 2020)

Lord Alton of Liverpool: …place. I should mention at the outset that I am a patron of Hong Kong Watch and vice-chair of the all-party groups on Hong Kong and Xinjiang. We gather today against a sombre background of the coronavirus, which has claimed some 3,237 lives in China and a further four in Hong Kong. Outside China the number of deaths globally stands at 8,971. Since its emergence in Wuhan, some 81,928…

Yemen – Question (19 Mar 2020)

Lord Alton of Liverpool: …not the moment for us to appeal to the Governments of both Iran and Saudi Arabia to urge their proxies to end this war, not least in the current circumstances where people will now be dying of the coronavirus? In this situation, does the Minister really think that anyone will be collecting data on the number of fatalities from the virus?

Covid-19 Update – Statement (17 Mar 2020)

Lord Alton of Liverpool: …a question about the diaspora and the ambassadorial corps. This morning, I was able to meet the Pakistan high commissioner, Mohammad Zakaria, who was concerned—as we all are—about the spread of coronavirus and the implications for his community; other ambassadors and high commissioners will be thinking the same. What are we doing to ensure that the corps as a whole receives...

Written Answers — Department of Health and Social Care: Coronavirus: China (16 Mar 2020)

Lord Alton of Liverpool: To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of the (1) report by the World Health Organization Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) Situation Report, published on 1 March, in particular the mortality rate from COVID-19 in Hubei province, and (2) the remarks by Brendan Wren, Professor of Vaccinology at the London School of Tropical Medicine that the difference in the…

Written Answers — Department of Health and Social Care: Coronavirus: China (10 Mar 2020)

Lord Alton of Liverpool: To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of the (1) number, and (2) location, of microbiology laboratories in China that handle advanced viruses such as the Wuhan coronavirus; and what assessment they have made of the role any such laboratories may have had in the initial spread of the Wuhan coronavirus.

Written Answers — Department of Health and Social Care: Coronavirus (12 Feb 2020)

Lord Alton of Liverpool: To ask Her Majesty’s Government how many people who have flown to the UK from Wuhan, China, since the outbreak of the coronavirus was announced have been contacted; how many of those have been tested for coronavirus; what steps they are taking to (1) identify, and (2) locate, those yet to be tested; and what assessment they have made of the statement by the Chief Medical Officer for England…

Written Answers — Department of Health and Social Care: Coronavirus (5 Feb 2020)

Lord Alton of Liverpool: …affected areas are being treated differently to those who had returned to the UK during the preceding month; and whether they have asked the World Health Organisation to declare the spread of the coronavirus as a global health emergency.

 


Letters to Ministers:

 

Sent to Ministers at the Departments of Justice, Health and Home Office ,March 23rd:

 

Further to my email to you about the importance of a more robust “sunset” provision in the emergency powers being sought by the Government, I would like to draw the attention of the Government to  the attached briefing from Liberty.

 

Two of their points touch directly on your own Ministerial responsibilities and I would welcome your response to their concern that

1). We need to safeguard the fundamental rights of people in contact with mental health services, and especially their right to liberty; and

 2) suspend the hostile environment to protect public health.

 

With kind regards,

 

====================

 

Letter to Health Minister: March 23rd

I have pasted below two reports sent to me by the Local Government Association.

I would be grateful for a response about the need for Ministerial direction of funeral arrangements for Coronavirus victims. Will attention also be given the lack of protective clothing available to those responsible for burials and cremations?

 

I would also welcome your assessment and response to the report concerning undocumented migrants who it is claimed face both Coronavirus and potential starvation.

 

With kind regards 

 

Coronavirus: Funeral directors’ warning 
Funeral directors are warning of a severe shortage of protective equipment in the UK. They are calling for a minister to take charge of burials and cremations, and are warning of a backlog of bodies.
Guardian, Times 

Coronavirus: Million undocumented migrants could go hungry, say charities 
Charities are warning that approximately a million undocumented migrants living under the radar in the UK risk not only contracting Covid-19 but also of starvation because of the crisis created by the pandemic.
Guardian

=====================

March 16 Email to Secretary of State for Health about Lack of Ventilators, drawing his attention to this article in the Telegraph:

Oxygn

======================

 

Emails to Health Minister March 14th

 

 I understand that other European countries have urgently increased production of ventilators (see the link below). Have we any plans to do the same?

 

https://twitter.com/faisalislam/status/1238750357372768256?s=21

 

The following article explains how patients dying in hospital in U.K. may have got coronavirus whilst inside.
Another reason for all staff inside the NHS to be wearing masks now – to stop breathing virus onto already vulnerable people; and breathing virus in. 

 

There are reports of tests coming available which work in minutes rather than hours and days. 

 

I hope these are rolled out ASAP. 

 

The population will be demoralised by some of the public disagreements currently being voiced. There needs to be a much more proactive approach beyond press briefings at No 10.

 

Who is the Beaverbook of this government?!

 
Coronavirus: UK deaths double in 24 hours

Ten more people have died after testing positive for the virus, NHS England says.

================================

Email sent March 17th to Health Minister

 

I would be grateful if you would let me know what action is being taken to identify, prepare, staff and protect special Covid-19 treatment centres in every community of Britain in the eventuality of an epidemic taking hold and overwhelming general NHS services, such as the sequestration of private hospitals, hotels, army barracks and public buildings as China and Italy have done.

 

 

With many thanks,

 

=================================

Email sent to Health Minister March 17th

Subject: Op-Ed: Coronavirus Is Not the Only Epidemic Coming from China

 

This op ed is well worth reading.

 

Only yesterday I signed a letter to the WHO protesting at its appalling treatment of Taiwan – at the insistence of China. Their job is to combat disease not to play politics and endanger lives as a consequence.

 

China’s infiltration and manipulation of UN agencies is an international scandal.

 

The news today that two of the CCP’s top apparatchiks in Hubei have been sacked  is a sign that the CCP is panicking and recognises the toxic role it has played in the Coronavirus crisis. But that extends right to the top….

https://www.westernjournal.com/op-ed-coronavirus-not-epidemic-coming-china/

========================

Important New Report Published Today Which Reviews The Evidence On Whether The Foetus – The Child In The Womb – Can Feel Pain. Perhaps at a moment of national crisis it is timely to think of the sanctity of human life  and human suffering  and to open our hearts and minds to this supreme human rights question. You Can Read The Full Report Here.

Foetal Pain Report 1

2020 Pro Life APPG Report on Foetal Pain

An Important New Report Is Published Today Which Reviews The Evidence On Whether The Foetus – The Child In The Womb – Can Feel Pain. 

During both the last Parliament and this, under the chairmanship of the Congleton MP and lawyer, Mrs. Fiona Bruce,  cross-party a group of Parliamentarians from both Houses carefully examined the evidence, spoke to witnesses ,and reviewed the literature.  James Evans, Right To Life UK and CARE contributed to the research and preparation of this Report

Having served on the last Inquiry into this issue, in 1996, under the chairmanship of the former Attorney General, Lord Rawlinson of Ewall QC,  I was struck that despite the increase in our scientific and medical knowledge, and the prudential argument that “if in doubt, don’t do it”,  we continue to inflict what could be unspeakable pain and suffering on the child in the womb,

The Report was not prepared for the sake of a headline but for careful consideration and reflection. In these challenging and difficult times it is good that the All Party Parliamentary Group was able to complete its proceedings.

Perhaps at a moment of national crisis it is timely to think about the sanctity of human life  and  human suffering  and, in a country where we take the life of a child in the womb every three minutes – 600 each day – we can open our hearts and minds to this supreme human rights question.   

It’s a Report which should be widely shared – especially with those who have open minds and recognise that there is far more at stake here than mere choice.  

This is a message from Fiona Bruce MP

The All Party Parliamentary Pro-Life Group (APPPG) is grateful to all those who gave evidence during our Inquiry and Review into foetal sentience and whether a foetus can feel pain in the womb. The full Report may be read here:

2020 Pro Life APPG Report on Foetal Pain
There has been much academic debate and many significant developments in both  practice and understanding of this issue over the past decade.
Notably, since a Government announcement in 2019, the NHS now recommends pain relief for unborn babies undergoing surgery for spina bifida from 20 weeks gestation – the same age at which some unborn babies may be aborted by dismemberment without pain relief.

1   

This has raised questions about the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG) position on foetal pain and its guidance which states there is no need to provide analgesia for the foetus when performing an abortion at similar stages of gestation, or indeed any stage of gestation.

While we would not for a moment suggest there is certainty about the time from which a foetus can feel pain, there is nonetheless growing recognition that foetal sentience  should be reappraised and taken more seriously.

This shift in concern was eloquently demonstrated as we concluded this Review with the recent publication in the Journal of Medical Ethics of an article “Reconsidering Fetal Pain.”

2
It is hard to overstate the importance of this article because its lead author, Dr Stuart WG Derbyshire has in the past argued that the scientific evidence does not suggest a need take account of the potential of the foetus to feel pain.

3

Indeed, in 2010 he was part of the RCOG working group which argued that it was not
necessary to provide analgesia in the case of abortion during any stage of pregnancy.

4

Dr Derbyshire’s latest article, however, co-written with John C Bockmann PA, argues that the latest developments in neuroscience suggest there is the potential for “an immediate and unreflective pain experience mediated by the developing function of the nervous system from as early as 12 weeks.” In this context he suggests a case by case approach in which the “clinical team and the pregnant woman can consider whether fetal analgesia makes sense based on the clinical requirements for the abortion, the age of the fetus and the conscience of the parties involved.”

His co-author Bockmann, meanwhile, argues that “Fetal analgesia and anaesthesia should thus be standard for abortions in the second trimester, especially after 18 weeks…”

5

This resonates very much with the conclusion of this review. Given the developments in the last 10 years, this Review recommends that there is now an urgent need for the RCOG to replace their outdated 2010 guidance which states that the provision of analgesia is not necessary for abortion at any gestation.6 We argue that on the basis of the precautionary principle the current evidence base is such that it would be prudent to offer women the option of analgesia for the foetus from the start of the second trimester and that this should be required from 18 weeks gestation.
With reference to the precautionary principle, Professor John Wyatt told our Inquiry “I think we should play safe, we should give the foetus the benefit of the doubt. We should assume that it is capable of experiencing pain and unpleasant sensations, and we should then treat the foetus appropriately, which would if necessary be with strong pain relief medication or with  anaesthesia.”
There has been much discussion in Parliament over recent years recognising animal sentience.
It surely cannot be right that the killing of “protected animals” – all vertebrate animal foetuses subject to research from two thirds gestation – is subject to tighter legal regulation dealing with both the place where they are killed and the manner of their killing, to ensure that it is humane, than the law governing the lawful killing of human foetuses.
As Lord Alton of Liverpool states: “The last time the APPG engaged on a study of this particular issue was 1996, and even then considerable concern was expressed that a sentient developing human being could experience pain and suffering in the womb. The science and our knowledge has moved on considerably since then. The case for prudential safeguards and protection of the vulnerable is now overwhelming.”

Once again, we thank all those involved with this Review, including the Parliamentary colleagues supporting it who are named below.

Fiona Bruce MP

Chair All Party Parliamentary Pro-Life Group

This Report is supported by:

Lord Alton of Liverpool
Sir David Amess MP
Miriam Cates MP
Chris Green MP
Derek Thomas MP
Bob Blackman MP
Fiona Bruce MP
Dr Lisa Cameron MP
Sir Jeffrey Donaldson MP
Baroness Eaton DBE, DL

Nick Fletcher MP
Mary Glindon MP
Sir John Hayes MP
Sir Edward Leigh MP
Carla Lockhart MP
Baroness Masham of Ilton, DL
Jim Shannon MP
Sir Desmond Swayne MP
Martin Vickers MP

The Contents of The Report:

Foetal Pain Report 3

Foetal Pain Report 2

Foetal Pain Report 4Foetal Pain Report 5The unborn child at 18 weeks gestation. 600 babies are aborted daily in the UK - some, up to and even during birth, with the full force of British law. 7 million have been aborted since abortion was made legal and some have had up to 8 legal abortions.

2020 Pro Life APPG Report on Foetal Pain

Arise Foundation charity highlights plight of vulnerable people who are likely to be overlooked as the Coronavirus Pandemic sweeps through at risk communities. Arise has established an emergency fund to get essentials to the people who need it, and to do so safely.

 

https://www.arise.foundation/news/responding-to-covid-19-vision-from-the-frontlines

The Arise Foundation charity – on whose Board I serve as an unremunerated  Trustee  – works with people at risk of human trafficking and modern day slavery.

Today it highlighted the plight of vulnerable people who are likely to be overlooked as the Coronavirus Pandemic sweeps through at risk communities. Arise has established an emergency fund to get essentials to the people who need it, and to do so safely.

https://www.arise.foundation/news/letter-to-arises-supporters-from-lord-alton-of-liverpool

https://www.arise.foundation/news/arises-covid-emergency-fund-how-does-it-work-and-who-can-apply

Arise has written to its friends and supporters, telling them

” You’ll have received a lot of emails from charities asking for money.

In a crisis, this can feel like opportunism. But truly many nonprofits are facing existential choices. For Arise, this is not an effort to meet overheads and salaries, but rather to meet the needs of our network, embedded in some of the world’s most vulnerable communities. So, at the very outset, I want to emphasise that if you feel able to respond to what follows, you should know that every penny raised by this appeal will go directly to those on the frontline.

We are receiving countless requests from our network. We are hearing from the slums around Delhi and Bangalore, the suburbs of Manila and among some of the Roma communities in Albania where the virus poses profound risks. These are people often living below the poverty line in cramped and unsanitary conditions. The instruction to “wash hands” or “self-isolate” simply does not apply in places where there is no running water and four families to a room.

Arise’s India Coordinator, Sr Arpan Carvalho put it starkly: “The help given to the poorest of the poor is, in some places, being withdrawn for their own safety. The devastation the coronavirus could cause in such circumstances doesn’t bear thinking about, and the desperation in those communities will lead to more people being exploited. We are finding new ways of helping them”.

Arise’s network refuses to abandon the communities it serves. And so we are asking you to help us assist these communities. Arise has established an emergency fund and structure to get essentials to the people who need it, and to do so safely. The fund will provide micro grants to at-risk communities, to enable them to get what they need to protect themselves. Through our trusted network we can reach many thousands of those most vulnerable. (Read the full letter)

 
If you are in a position to do so please consider supporting the appeal.  Thank you.

https://www.arise.foundation/Pages/FAQs/Category/current-projects

45 UK Parliamentarians call on the Foreign Secretary, Dominic Raab, to ensure that a new law named after the Russian lawyer – Sergei Magnitsky – imposes sanctions on corrupt oligarchs as well as on those who violate human rights.

Today’s Sunday Telegraph newspaper reported that 45 UK Parliamentarians have called on the Foreign Secretary, Dominic Raab, to ensure that a new law named after the Russian lawyer – Sergei Magnitsky – imposes sanctions on corrupt oligarchs as well as on those who violate human rights.

Those who signed the letter are concerned that the Government’s proposed sanctions regime  – Magnitsky Law – will not include those who profit from human rights abuse through corruption. 

 

This would be a major omission and would place the UK at odds with what other countries have enacted.

2020 45 Parliamentarians Call For Magnitsky Sanctions Against Corrupt Oligarchs and Human Rights Abusers

It is proposed  to name the new law after  Sergei Magnistsky who died in a Russian prison while investigating allegations against Russian officials.  He was working on behalf of Bill Browder who powerfully tells his story in the book Red Notice.

This is the text of the letter to the Foreign Secretary:

Dear Foreign Secretary,

 

We are delighted by the commitment of the government to implement Magnitsky Sanctions.

 

This legislation will go a long way towards addressing impunity and human rights abuse and will put Britain in a leadership position globally. 

 

As you know, the current Magnitsky Amendment to the Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act (2017) applies only to human rights abusers. While this is progress, we are writing to make you aware of an issue that may emerge surrounding corruption and kleptocracy. 

 

You will be aware that other countries, including the United States and Canada, apply their Magnitsky Sanctions to  highly corrupt individuals as well as human rights abusers. 

 

Failing to harmonise our sanctions measures with those of our allies may have far reaching unintended consequences, sending all the wrong signals to those involved in such crimes. 

 

The inclusion of corruption would allow the UK government to designate not only those that maintain power through repression, but also the key financial backers who benefit from abusive rule.

 

Given how attractive the United Kingdom is for many corrupt individuals who seek to buy property and invest money in the UK, it is crucial for our legislation harmonises with the U.S and Canadian Magnitsky legislation and includes corruption. 

 

We would strongly urge you to lay before both Houses Magnitsky legislation which addresses this issue, in order to prevent the UK from becoming a magnet for the  corrupt.

corruption

 
https://www.telegraph.co.uk/politics/2020/03/21/corrupt-oligarchs-must-banned-uk-assets-frozen-post-brexit-sanctions/

Corrupt oligarchs must be banned from UK and their assets frozen under post-Brexit sanctions regime

Dominic Raab, the Foreign Secretary, is being urged by 45 MPs and peers to tighten sanctions on kleptocrats and corrupt oligarchs

By Edward Malnick, Sunday Political Editor21 March 2020 • 9:00pm

Dominic Raab is being urged to use Britain’s post-Brexit sanctions regime to target kleptocrats and corrupt oligarchs who prop up authoritarian regimes.

In a letter to the Foreign Secretary, 45 MPs and peers warned that the Government’s current suite of sanctions sends “the wrong signal” to those involved in corruption because it fails to mirror so-called Magnitsky laws introduced in the US and Canada.

The parliamentarians, including Boris Johnson’s anti-corruption tsar, a former High Court judge and an ex-Archbishop of Canterbury, urge ministers to introduce legislation aimed at preventing the UK from “becoming a magnet for individuals engaged in corruption”.

The intervention comes after Mr Raab said that so-called Magnitsky clauses in the Sanctions Act would allow UK authorities to target human rights abusers in a coordinated move along with the US and Canada. The move was first announced by Theresa May in the wake of the Salisbury attack, and insiders have said the powers are likely to be used to sanction citizens of Russia, Libya and North Korea.

The US and Canada have both introduced visa bans and asset freezes under specific schemes drawn up in the name of Sergei Magnitsky, a Russian lawyer who died in a Moscow prison while investigating an alleged tax fraud involving state officials.

But the peers and MPs, led by Lord Alton, a former Liberal Democrat chief whip, state that the version introduced as part of the UK’s post-Brexit sanctions regime fails to cover corrupt individuals who prop the human rights abusers that it does target.

The group includes Baroness Butler-Sloss, the former High Court judge, John Penrose, Mr Johnson’s corruption champion, and Lord Williams of Oystermouth, the ex Archbishop of Canterbury. It is also signed by Andrew Mitchell, Bob Seely, and Andrew Selous, the Conservative MPs.

They state: “You will be aware that other countries, including the United States and Canada, apply their Magnitsky sanctions to highly corrupt individuals as well as human rights abusers. Failing to harmonise our sanctions measures with those of our allies may have far reaching unintended consequences, sending all the wrong signals to those involved in such crimes.

“The inclusion of corruption would allow the UK government to designate not only those that maintain power through repression, but also the key financial backers who benefit from abusive rule.

“Given how attractive the United Kingdom is for many corrupt individuals who seek to buy property and invest money here, it is crucial that our legislation harmonises with the US and Canadian Magnitsky efforts and includes corruption.

“We would strongly urge you to lay before both Houses Magnitsky legislation which addresses this issue, in order to prevent the UK from becoming a magnet for individuals engaged in corruption.”

Bill Browder, a financier on whose behalf Magnitsky was working in Russia, and who has since led a global campaign for sanctions in his name, said: “It is particularly important for the UK to sanction kleptocrats under the Magnitsky act because so many of them keep homes and investments here.

“If they are excluded when the US and Canada sanction them, even more of them will come here.”

Mr Penrose added: “Britain can do without kleptocrats and organised criminals whose dirty money comes from abusing human rights while they loot foreign countries, or from people, drug or gun-smuggling.

“We need to hit them where it hurts – in the wallet – so they can’t do business or live off their ill-gotten gains in the UK, and so everybody knows they aren’t welcome here.”

With 100,000 people killed, including 12,000 civilians, 85,000 people dying as a result of the famine that has ensued from the war, and approximately 130 children dying every single day in the War in Yemen, isn’t it time for the Governments of Iran and Saudi Arabia to urge their proxies to end this war?

Oral Question today in the House about the War in Yemen 

Can the Minister confirm the figures being given by ACLED that, so far in this terrible war, 100,000 people have been killed including 12,000 civilians, that 85,000 people have died as a result of the famine that has ensued from the war, and that approximately 130 children are dying every single day?

Is this not the moment for us to appeal to the Governments of both Iran and Saudi Arabia to urge their proxies to end this war, not least in the current circumstances where people will now be dying of the coronavirus?

In this situation, does the Minister really think that anyone will be collecting data on the number of fatalities from the virus?

In answer to the noble Lord’s final question, it is extremely challenging to be able to ascertain that data, not least because of the challenges to our ability to access the most vulnerable, which I raised earlier in response to the noble Baroness, Lady Sheehan. I agree on the specific statistics. I do not have the detail in front of me, but those figures resonate with the figures we have been using at DfID. When I spoke of 80% of the population, that is 24.1 million people in Yemen who need humanitarian assistance. On calling time, yes, absolutely; we are supporting UN efforts and imploring. all sides—including, indeed, those operating through proxies and those with influence, namely the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and Iran—to call time. People are suffering, people need help and it should happen now.