What is South Korea thinking of by repatriating refugees to the North? It would have been like sending people back over the Berlin Wall to their certain death.



What is South Korea thinking of by repatriating refugees to the North? It would have been like sending people back over the Berlin Wall to their certain death.

A very bad decision by South Korea – and one which violates their obligations to refugees. They have probably written the death sentence of these poor people.


Statement of South Koreaโ€™s Deportation two North Korean Escapees

British-North Korean Community

The British-North Korean Community is deeply concerned about the first deportation of two North Koreans by South Korea since the 1953 Korean War Armistice.ย 


The South Korean government, on Thursday 7 November, deported two North Korean escapees to North Korea, a country that has been condemned by the United Nations as having committed systematic, widespread and grave violations of human rights and crimes against humanity.


This is the first time the South Korean government has sent North Koreans back against their will. In doing so, South Korea has undermined its national Constitution, which recognizes all North Koreans as citizens of South Korea, granting them the right to live in the South and be protected by its legal system.


โ€œSince North Koreans are Korean nationals they are under the jurisdiction of South Korea, so the government is obliged to let them stand in our courts,โ€ stressed Kim Jae-won, a member of South Korean Parliament and chairman of the National Assembly Budget Committee, to Prime Minister Lee Nak-Yeon.ย 


There were no legal procedures for these two North Koreans deportation.


โ€œThere is no doubt that the two deportees have been returned to a place where they face no due process, harsh punishment, torture, and almost-certain execution,โ€ says Greg Scarlatoiu, executive director of the Committee for Human Rights in North Korea. ย 


After their boat was seized by the South Korean navy on Saturday, November 2, the two fishermen reportedly requested resettlement in South Korea.ย 


After an investigation which lasted for only three days, the government of South Korea sent the two back to North Korea, saying that its investigators had determined that the men had killed 16 of their crewmates prior to escaping.ย 


Ministry of Unification spokesman Lee Sang-min stated that the two fishermen were โ€œheinous criminalsโ€ who did not deserve recognition as refugees under applicable international law.ย 


Nonetheless, there is no evidence or allegation of these fishermen were murderers. Even if they were murders, they could still be protected from refoulement to a country where they would be tortured or executed, since South Korea is a signatory country (9 January 1995) to the United Nations Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.


โ€œThe claim that the two escapees killed 16 crewmates, is bizarre,โ€ says Scarlatoiu.


Moreover, the North Koreans were on South Korean soil and deserved the protection of South Koreaโ€™s legal system, whilst South Korean nationality law declares: โ€œNorth Korean citizens are also recognised as South Korean nationals,โ€ which can find more information about at: https://bit.ly/2qGG5xf.


South Korea does NOT recognise North Koreans as refugees, and never has. But under the South Korean constitution, North Korean citizens who flee to South Korea automatically become South Korean citizens.


There is no such legal agreement or any extradition treaty between Pyongyang and Seoul. Nor there is a precedent for the extradition of people to North Korea, as the jurisdiction has no rule of law.


This deportation of the two North Korean fishermen therefore raises major concerns for all the North Koreans (34,000) living in South Korea.ย 


If this case supports a future extradition agreement between North and South Korea, many North Korean refugees in Seoul, who fled in search of freedom of expression, speech, faith, opportunity, dignity, security and food, will be forced to repatriate from North Koreaโ€™s request of criminals.ย 


But North Korea regards all North Korean escapees are โ€˜human scumโ€™ and โ€˜betrayers of a socialist nationโ€™ – making all of them criminals.


The deportation of the two North Korean fishermen creates serious moral, ethical, and legal concerns that the international community, organisations and friends of Korea should call attention to.ย 


The South Korean government must follow the international obligations of human rights norms and principles. โ€œThe result of a cursory investigation, this deportation is contrary to obligations assumed by South Korea under human rights instruments including the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights,โ€ Scarlatoiu says.


International Solidarity

British-North Korean Community





์ „ ์„ธ๊ณ„์— ์žˆ๋Š” ํƒˆ๋ถ์ž๋ถ„๋“ค๊ณผ ์ €์˜๋ฅผ ์ง€์ง€ํ˜ธ์†Œํ•˜๋Š” ์„ธ๊ณ„๋ชจ๋“ ๋ถ„๋“ค์—๊ฒŒ ์ฒญ์›

BritishNorth Korean Community

2019๋…„ 11์›” 7์ผ ๋Œ€ํ•œ๋ฏผ๊ตญ์—์„œ๋Š” ์ž์œ ๋ฅผ์ฐพ์•„ ๋ชฉ์ˆจ์„๊ฑธ๊ณ  ๋…์žฌ๊ตญ๊ฐ€๋ฅผ ๋– ๋‚˜์˜จ ์ Š์€ 2๋ช…์˜ (22, 23์„ธ) ๋ถํ•œ์ฒญ๋…„๋“ค์„ ํŒ๋ฌธ์ ์„ ํ†ตํ•ด๋ถํ•œ์œผ๋กœ ์ถ”๋ฐฉํ•˜๋Š” ์‚ฌ๊ฑด์ด ์žˆ์—ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ํ•œ๊ตญ์—์„œ ๋ถํ•œ์œผ๋กœ ๋ถ์†ก์‹œํ‚ค๋Š” ๊ฒฝ์šฐ๋Š” ๊ฑฐ์˜ ์ „๋ก€๊ฐ€ ์—†๋Š” case์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ง€๊ธˆ๊นŒ์ง€ ์ค‘๊ตญ์ด๋‚˜๋‹ค๋ฅธ๋‚˜๋ผ๋“ค์—์„œ ๊ฐ•์ œ๋กœ ํƒˆ๋ถ๋ฏผ๋“ค์„ ๊ฐ•์ œ ๋ถ์†กํ•ด์„œ ๊ตํ™”์„œ๋‚˜ ์ˆ˜์šฉ์†Œ์— ๊ฐ๊ธˆ๋˜์—ˆ์–ด๋„ ํ•œ๊ตญ์—์„œ ๋ถ์†ก๋˜์—ˆ๋‹ค๋Š” ์†Œ์‹์€ ๊ทธ ์ž์ฒด๊ฐ€ ๋†€๋ผ์›€์ด๊ณ , ๋™์‹œ์— ํ•œ๊ตญ์— ์ •์ฐฉํ•˜๋Š” ํƒˆ๋ถ๋ฏผ๋“คํ•œํ…Œ๋Š” ๋งŽ์€ ๋‘๋ ค์›€์„ ์ƒ์‹œ์‹œํ‚ค๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

๋ถ์†ก์›์ธ์€ ์ผ๋‹จ์€ ํ•œ๊ตญ์ •๋ถ€์˜ ๋ฐœํ‘œ์—์„œ: โ€œ์„ ์žฅ์˜ ์ง€์†์ ์ธ ๊ฐ€ํ˜นํ•ด์œ„์— ๋ถˆ๋งŒ์„ ํ’ˆ์€ ์ด๋“ค ๋‘๋ช…์ด ์„ ์žฅ์„ ํฌํ•จํ•ด 16๋ช…์˜ ๋™๋ฃŒ์„ ์›๋“ค์„ ์ž”์ธํ•˜๊ฒŒ ์‚ดํ•ดโ€ ์˜€๊ธฐ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์ด๋ผ๊ณ  ์„ค๋ช…ํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿผ์—๋„ ๋ถˆ๊ตฌํ•˜๊ณ  ๋šœ๋ ทํ•œ ์ฆ๊ฑฐํ•˜๋‚˜๋„ ๋‚จ์ง€ ์•Š์€ ์• ๋งค๋ชจํ˜ธํ•œ ์‚ฌ๊ฑด์œผ๋กœ๋งŽ์€ ์งˆ๋ฌธ๋“ค์„ ๋‚จ๊ธฐ๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

๋‹น์‹œ ๊น€์žฌ์› ๊ตญํšŒ ์˜ˆ์‚ฐ๊ฒฐ์‚ฐํŠน๋ณ„์œ„์›์žฅ์€ ์ด๋‚™์—ฐ ๊ตญ๋ฌด์ด๋ฆฌ์—๊ฒŒ:โ€œ๋ถํ•œ ์ฃผ๋ฏผ๋„ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋‚˜๋ผ ๊ตญ๋ฏผ์ด๊ณ , ๋˜ ํ˜„์žฌ (๋ถํ•œ๋„ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ)๊ด€ํ• ์ด๊ธฐ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์— ์ •๋ถ€๋Š” ์ด๋“ค์„ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋‚˜๋ผ ๋ฒ•์ •์— ์„ธ์›Œ ์ฒ˜๋ฒŒํ•ด์•ผ ์˜๋ฌด๊ฐ€ ์žˆ๋‹คโ€๋ผ๊ณ  ๊ฐ•์กฐํ•˜์˜€์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿผ์—๋„ ๋ถˆ๊ตฌํ•˜๊ณ  ์ด๋“ค์˜ ๋ถ์†ก์€ ๋„ˆ๋ฌด์‹ ์†ํ•˜๊ณ  ๋นจ๋ฆฌ ์ฒ˜๋ฆฌ๋˜์—ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

๋‚จํ•œ๊ณผ ๋ถํ•œ์‚ฌ์ด์—๋Š” โ€˜๋ฒ”์ฃ„์ธ๋„์กฐ์•ฝ์ด๋‚˜ ๋ฒ”์ฃ„์ธ ์ธ๋„โ€™์™€ ย ๊ด€๋ จํ•œ๋ฒ•์ ์ธ ๊ทผ๊ฑฐ๊ฐ€ ์—†์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. โ€“ ๊ทผ๋ž˜์— ์ผ์–ด๋‚˜๋Š” ํ™์ฝฉ๋ฐ๋ชจ๊ฐ€ ๊ทธ ๊ฒฝ์šฐ์ธ๋ฐ: โ€˜๋ฒ”์ฃ„์ธ ์ธ๋„๋ฒ• ๊ฐœ์ •์•ˆโ€™์„ ๋ฐ˜๋Œ€ํ•ด์„œ ๋งŽ์€ ์‹œ๋ฏผ๋“ค์ด ์ค‘๊ตญ์ •๋ถ€์™€ ํ™์ฝฉ์ž์น˜์ •๋ถ€๋ฅผ ์ƒ๋Œ€๋กœ ํž˜๋“  ์‹ธ์›€์„ ํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ด๋ฒ•์•ˆ์ด ๋‚˜์˜ฌ๊ฒฝ์šฐ ๋งŽ์€ ํ™์ฝฉ์ธ๋“ค์ด๋‚˜ ๋˜๋Š” ์ค‘๊ตญ๋…์žฌ์ •๋ถ€๋ฅผ ํ–ฅํ•ด ์‹ธ์šฐ๊ณ  ์žˆ๋Š” ์ค‘๊ตญ ๋ฐ ํ™์ฝฉ์ธ๊ถŒ์šด๋™๊ฐ€๋“ค์ด ์ค‘๊ตญ์— ์š”๊ตฌ๋กœ ์ธํ•ด์„œ ์ถ”๋ฐฉ๋˜์–ด์•ผ ํ•˜๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค โ€“ ํ˜„์žฌ ๋ถํ•œ์ดํƒˆ์ฃผ๋ฏผ๋ฒ•์€ ํ…Œ๋Ÿฌ ๋“ฑ ๊ตญ์ œํ˜•์‚ฌ๋ฒ”์ฃ„, ์‚ด์ธ ๋“ฑ ์ค‘๋Œ€ํ•œ ๋ฒ”์ฃ„์ž๋‚œ ์œ„์žฅ ํƒˆ๋ถ์ž๋“ค๋„ ๋ฒ•์˜ ๋ณดํ˜ธ ๋Œ€์ƒ์œผ๋กœ ์ธ์ •ํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์ง€๋งŒ ๊ทธ์™€ ๋™์‹œ์— โ€˜๋ถํ•œ์œผ๋กœ ์ถ”๋ฐฉํ•œ๋‹ค๋Š”โ€™ ๋ถ€๋ถ„๋„๋ช…์‹œํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์ง€ ์•Š์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„ ์ด๋ฒˆ์‚ฌ๊ฑด์œผ๋กœํ•ด์„œ โ€˜๋ฒ”์ฃ„์ธ ์ธ๋„๋ฒ• ๊ฐœ์ •์•ˆ์ด ์ž์—ฐ์ ์œผ๋กœ๊ตฌ์„ฑโ€™๋˜๊ณ  ๋ถํ•œ์ด ์†Œ์œ„ ๋งํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฒ”์ฃ„์ž์ด๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์— ์ถ”๋ฐฉ๋˜์–ด์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค๋ฉด ๋ถํ•œ์„ ํƒˆ์ถœํ•œ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋ชจ๋‘๊ฐ€ ์ถ”๋ฐฉ๋˜์–ด์•ผ ํ• ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋ถํ•œ๋‹น๊ตญ์€ ํƒˆ๋ถ๋ฏผ๋“ค์„ ๋ณด๊ณ  โ€˜์ธ๊ฐ„ ์“ฐ๋ ˆ๊ธฐโ€™ ๋˜๋Š” โ€˜๋‚˜๋ผ๋ฅผ ๋ฐฐ์‹ ํ•œ ๋ฐฐ์‹ ์žโ€™๋ผ๊ณ  ๋ฒ”์ฃ„์ธ์œผ๋กœ ์ทจ๊ธ‰ํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋ ‡๋‹ค๋ฉด ๋Œ€ํ•œ๋ฏผ๊ตญ๋•…์•ˆ์—์žˆ๋Š” 3๋งŒ 4์ฒœ์—ฌ๋ช…์˜ ๋ชจ๋“  ํƒˆ๋ถ๋ฏผ๋“ค๋‹ค ๋ฒ”์ฃ„์ธ์ด๊ณ  ์ด๋“ค ๋‘๋ช…์ด 7์ผ๋‚  ์ถ”๋ฐฉ๋œ๊ฒƒ ์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ๋ฒ”์ฃ„์ธ์œผ๋กœ์จ ๋ถํ•œ์œผ๋กœ ์ถ”๋ฐฉ๋˜์–ด์•ผ ํ•  ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋ถํ•œ์œผ๋กœ ์ถ”๋ฐฉ๋˜๋ฉด ์ผ์–ด๋‚  ์ผ๋“ค์€ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋ชจ๋‘๊ฐ€ ์ž˜ ์•Œ๊ณ  ์žˆ๊ณ :๊ตฌ๊ธˆ, ๊ตฌํƒ€, ๊ณ ๋ฌธ, ์ˆ˜์šฉ์†Œ, ์ด์‚ด ๋˜๋Š” ์ƒํ™”ํ•™๋ฌด๊ธฐ์˜ ์ƒ์ฒด์‹คํ—˜๋Œ€์ƒ์œผ๋กœ ์‚ฌ์šฉ๋ ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

์Šคํƒ ํŠผ ๋ณ€ํ˜ธ์‚ฌ๋Š” ๋งํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค: โ€œ์ด๋“ค์„ ๋ถํ•œ์œผ๋กœ ๋Œ๋ ค๋ณด๋ƒ„์œผ๋กœ์จ ํ•œ๊ตญ์ •๋ถ€๋Š” ๋ฒ•์ ์ธ ์ ˆ์ฐจ ์—†๊ณ , ๊ณ ๋ฌธ์ด ์ผ์ƒํ™”๋œ ๋ถํ•œ์˜ ์‚ฌ๋ฒ•์ œ๋„๋ฅผ์ ๋ฒ•ํ•˜๋‹ค๊ณ  ์šฉ์ธํ•œ ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. (๋ฌด์ฃ„ ์ถ”์ • ์›์น™์— ๋”ฐ๋ผ) ์žฌํŒ์„ ํ†ตํ•ด ํŒ๊ฒฐ์„ ๋ฐ›๊ธฐ์ „๊นŒ์ง€๋Š” ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ด๋“ค์„ ์‚ด์ธ์ž๋ผ๊ณ  ์ถ”์ •ํ•ด์„œ๋„ ์•ˆ๋˜๋ฉด, ์ธ๋„์ ์ธ ์ฒ˜์šฐ๋ฅผ ํ•ด์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค๋Š” ๋ง์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.โ€

Greg Scarlatoiu (๊ทธ๋ ˆ๊ทธ ์Šค์นผ๋ผํŠœ) ์‚ฌ๋ฌด์ด์žฅ์€ ๋งํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค: โ€œ์ด๋“ค์ด ํ•œ๊ตญ์— ๋ง๋ช…์„ ์‹ ์ฒญํ–ˆ๋‹ค๋Š” ์ด์œ ๋งŒ์œผ๋กœ๋„ ๋ถํ•œ์— ๋Œ๋ ค๋ณด๋‚ด์ง€๋ฉด์‚ฌํ˜•์— ์ฒ˜ํ•ด์งˆ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค๋ฉฐ, ๋ง๋ช…์„ ์‹ ์ฒญํ•œ ๋ถํ•œ ์ฃผ๋ฏผ์€ ์–ด๋–ค ๊ฒฝ์šฐ์—๋„, ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์†กํ™˜๋˜์–ด์„œ๋Š” ์•ˆ๋œ๋‹ค๊ณ  ๊ฐ•์กฐํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.โ€

์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„๋“ค์˜ ๋‹จํ•ฉ๋œ ๋ชฉ์†Œ๋ฆฌ์™€ ์ง€์ง€๊ฐ€ ๊ทธ ์–ด๋Š๋•Œ๋ณด๋‹ค๋„ ํ•„์š”ํ•œ ์‹œ์ ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. โ€˜๋ฒ”์ฃ„์ธ๋„์กฐ์•ฝ์ด๋‚˜ ๋ฒ”์ฃ„์ธ ์ธ๋„โ€™ ๊ด€๋ จ๋ฒ•๋“ค์ด ๋ถํ•œ๊ณผ ๋‚จํ•œ์‚ฌ์ด์—๋Š” ์กด์žฌ ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ๊ฐ€ ์—†๊ณ  ๋˜ ํ˜•์„ฑ๋˜์–ด๋„ ์•ˆ๋˜๋Š” ๋ถ€๋ถ„์ด๋ผ๊ณ ์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜๊ณ  ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„๋“ค์—๊ฒŒ ๋‹จ๊ฒฐ์ ์ธ ํ˜ธ์†Œ๋ฅผ ํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์™œ๋ƒํ•˜๋ฉด ๊ทธ ์กฐ๊ฑด์œผ๋กœ ํ•ด์„œ ์ฃ„์—†๊ณ  ๋˜ ์ •์น˜.์ข…๊ต.์ธ๊ถŒ. ๋ฐฐ๊ณ ํ””์˜ ์ž์œ ๋ฅผ์ฐพ์•„ ๋ถํ•œ์„ ํƒˆ์ถœํ•œ ํƒˆ๋ถ๋ฏผ๋“ค์ด ์ฃฝ์–ด๊ฐ€์•ผํ•˜๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์–ด๋–ค๊ฒฝ์šฐ์—๋„ ๋ถˆ๋ฒ•์ ์ธ ๊ฐ•์ œ ๋ถ์†ก์ด ์ผ์–ด๋‚˜์„œ๋Š” ์•ˆ๋ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

ํ•œ๊ตญ๊ณผ ๋ถํ•œ์‚ฌ์ด์— ๋ฒ”์ฃ„์ธ๋„์กฐ์•ฝ ์†กํ™˜๋ฒ•์ด ํ˜•์„ฑ๋˜์ง€ ์•Š๊ณ  ๋˜ ๊ฐ•์ œ์ถ”๋ฐฉ์ด ์•ˆ๋˜๋„๋ก ์˜๊ตญ์— ์žˆ๋Š” North Korea Community๊ฐ€ ์•ž์— ์„ค๊ฒƒ์ด๊ณ  ๊ตญ์ œ ์‚ฌํšŒ์— ์•Œ๋ฆด๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

๋งŽ์€ ํƒˆ๋ถ๋ฏผ, ํ•œ๊ตญ์ธ, ์„ธ๊ณ„์˜ ๋ถ„๋“ค์ด ๋™์ฐธํ•ด์ฃผ์‹œ๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ํ˜ธ์†Œํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

With many thanks and appreciation,

BritishNorth Korean Community